Transport Phenomena In Particulate Systems


by

José T. Freire , Ana Maria da Silveira , Maria do Carmo Ferreira

DOI: 10.2174/97816080522711120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-227-1, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-104-5



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Indexed in: Scopus

This e-book presents recent advances in research in the field of particulate systems. A comprehensive background on operations involvi...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Sandra Cristina dos Santos Rocha

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Preface

- Pp. ii

José Teixeira Freire, Ana Maria da Silveira and Maria do Carmo Ferreira

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iii-v (3)

José Teixeira Freire, Ana Maria da Silveira and Maria do Carmo Ferreira

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Drying of Single Particles

- Pp. 3-15 (13)

Leonardo da Silva Arrieche and Dermeval José Mazzini Sartori

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Experimental and Modeling Aspects of Heat Transfer in Packed Beds

- Pp. 16-36 (21)

João Cláudio Thoméo and José Teixeira Freire

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Fluidization of Low-Sphericity Particles

- Pp. 37-58 (22)

Maria do Carmo Ferreira and Renata de Aquino Brito Lima

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Application of CFD for Fluidynamic Description of Particulate Systems

- Pp. 59-80 (22)

Rodrigo Béttega and Ronaldo Guimarães Corrêa

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Spouted Beds Fluid Dynamics Using CFD

- Pp. 81-102 (22)

Cláudio R. Duarte, Valéria V. Murata and Marcos A.S. Barrozo

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Drying of Particulate Materials in Continuous Spouted Beds

- Pp. 103-123 (21)

Cezar Augusto da Rosa and José Teixeira Freire

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Control of the Drying Process in Spouted Bed

- Pp. 124-147 (24)

Nivaldo Aparecido Corrêa, Fábio Bentes Freire and Ronaldo Guimarães Corrêa

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Drying of Pharmaceutical Products

- Pp. 148-171 (24)

Wanderley P. de Oliveira, Luis Alexandre P. de Freitas and José Teixeira Freire

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Hydrodynamics of Biological Fluidized Bed Reactors

- Pp. 172-188 (17)

Flavio Bentes Freire, Fábio Bentes Freire and José Teixeira Freire

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Metal Removal from Industrial Effluents Using Porous Electrodes

- Pp. 189-213 (25)

José Carlos Gubulin and Luís Augusto Martins Ruotolo

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Author Index

- Pp. 214-221 (8)

José Teixeira Freire, Ana Maria da Silveira and Maria do Carmo Ferreira

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Subject Index

- Pp. 222-224 (3)

José Teixeira Freire, Ana Maria da Silveira and Maria do Carmo Ferreira

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Foreword

Particulate Systems is well recognized as one of the most important research fields in Brazil and in the world, permeating several branches of knowledge such as Chemical, Food and Agricultural Engineering, Pharmaceutical and Materials Science among others. A widespread growth and acceptance of Particulate Systems science and technology has been taking place in the world for a very long time and until now, challenges in design, process development, operation, and manufacturing of these systems still exist. Particulate Systems scientific community in Brazil has a well-established forum for presenting and publishing their works since 1973, the Brazilian Congress of Particulate Systems, whose proceedings of complete manuscripts are a valuable legacy to researchers, teachers and other professionals acting in Particulate Systems. In the world scene, Particulate Systems are no less important and its relevance is demonstrated by the list of scientific events and journals of high impact and quality, and also by the numerous books already published in this field.

Developments in Particulate Systems in process control, new techniques of modeling and simulation and nano- and biotechnologies are examples of what have occurred during the last decade and propose solutions for overcoming present and future trends. Apart from the above-cited themes, future trends also involve process and product developments of biodegradable plastics, environmental engineering and petroleum engineering (actually stimulated by the pre-salt exploitation). Progress in Particulate Systems has been expressive in a general way in the last decades, and concerning Brazil, it is verified that this field plays a fundamental role for the scientific and technological development in all Brazilian states.

An expressive contribution for the development of Particulate Systems in Brazil is attributed to the Chemical Engineering Department of Federal University of São Carlos – UFSCar – for its involvement in human resources qualification and for the dissemination of scientific and technological results in international conferences and journals. Specially, the contribution of Prof. José Teixeira Freire for the development of Particulate Systems science and technology is inestimable and editing this e-book yet enlarges this contribution. The book is the result of participation of experts in Particulate Systems working and post graduated at the Chemical Engineering Department of UFSCar, who are today renowned scientists in the international scene. These scientists give, in the chapters of this book, their contribution and their critical view of the actual research in Particulate Systems in Brazil.

This book, edited by Prof. José Teixeira Freire, Dr. Ana Maria da Silveira and Dr. Maria do Carmo Ferreira brings an overview of current and innovative aspects of Particulate Systems, including fundamentals and applications of special relevance. Two main themes can be visualized in the book content: drying and spouted beds, which highlights the strong effort of topical Brazilian research dedicated to these subjects. Drying of spherical gel systems, drying in continuous spouted beds, control of drying process in spouted beds and drying of pharmaceutical products are the topics on drying focused in the book. Other topics of Particulate Systems covered in the chapters are: experimental aspects and modeling of heat transfer in packed beds, application of CFD for spouted bed fluidynamics description, fluidization of low sphericity particles, hydrodynamics of biological fluidized bed reactors for effluent treatment and metal removal from industrial effluents using porous electrodes. The diversity of themes and applications shows the broad research field discussed in this work. As a relevant research source, this book brings important tools to investigators interested in the latest advances in Particulate Systems and offers critical perspectives for the development of this field from now on.

Prof. Sandra Cristina dos Santos Rocha
Chemical Engineering School
State University of Campinas
Campinas - SP
Brazil


Preface

With the rapid growth of both technical and scientific literature related to transport phenomena in particulatesystems, it is difficult for an individual researcher in this field to keep abreast of the developments. This eBook intends to present the state of the art and some case studies involving the multiple facets of systems consisting of the interaction between a fluid and particles in separation processes.

The text is divided into four principal sections. The first section provides an overview of the fundamentals going from the drying of a single particle and the aspects related to deformation and details on internal stresses, to the analysis of heat transfer in a fixed bed percolated by a specific fluid and the fluidization of particles with low sphericity, a subject that is still little investigated.

The second part consists of computational fluid dynamic simulations of two spouted bed configurations. A number of works on this field have recently appeared in the literature, but the main purpose of section two is to present the subject in a more didactic way.

Section three of this eBook focus on especial drying by means of case studies of drying granular matter in spouted bed, process control of paste drying in spouted bed and a review of drying of pharmaceutical products.

Section four, the last part of the eBook, presents two studies on effluent treatment in particulate systems. One is directed to analyzing the use of a biological fluidized bed reactor in the treatment of liquid effluent and the other is focused on the use of porous electrodes for the same purpose.

We expect that this eBook will be used by undergraduate and graduate students as well as by professionals who are interested in particulate systems.

José Teixeira Freire
Federal University of São Carlos
Department of Chemical Engineering
Brazil
E-mail: freire@ufscar.br

Ana Maria da Silveira
Federal University of São Carlos
Department of Chemical Engineering
Brazil
E-mail: silveira@ufscar.br

Maria do Carmo Ferreira
Federal University of São Carlos
Department of Chemical Engineering
Brazil
E-mail: mariaf@ufscar.br

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
José T. Freire
Chemical Engineering Department
Federal University of São Carlos
Rd. Washington Luís, km 235
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Ana Maria da Silveira
Chemical Engineering Department
Federal University of São Carlos
Rd. Washington Luís, km 235
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Maria do Carmo Ferreira
Chemical Engineering Department
Federal University of São Carlos
Rd. Washington Luís, km 235
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil




Contributor(s):
Ana Maria da Silveira
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 131
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Cezar Augusto da Rosa
Department of Chemistry
Federal University of Goiás
P.O. Box 131
Goiânia
GO, 74001-970
Brazil


Cláudio R. Duarte
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of Uberlândia
P.O. Box 593
Uberlândia
MG, 38400-902
Brazil


Dermeval José Mazzini Sartori
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Fábio Bentes Freire
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Flavio Bentes Freire
Department of Civil Construction
Federal Technological University of Paraná,
Av. 7 de Setembro, no. 3165
Curitiba
PR, 80230-901
Brazil


João Cláudio Thoméo
Department of Food Engineering and Technology
Paulista State University
P.O. Box 136
São José do Rio Preto
SP, 15054-000
Brazil


José Carlos Gubulin
Federal University of São Carlos
Department of Chemical Engineering
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


José Teixeira Freire
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Leonardo da Silva Arrieche
Department of Engineering and Computation
Federal University of Espírito Santo
Rd. BR 101 Norte, km 60
São Mateus
ES, 29932-540
Brazil


Luís Alexandre P. de Freitas
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto
State University of São Paulo
Via do Café s/n
Ribeirão Preto
SP, 14040-903
Brazil


Luís Augusto Martins Ruotolo
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Marcos A.S. Barrozo
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of Uberlândia
P.O. Box 593
Uberlândia
MG, 38400-902
Brazil


Maria do Carmo Ferreira
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos,
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Nivaldo Aparecido Corrêa
Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation School of Engineering of São Carlos
State University of São Paulo
P.O. Box 359
São CarlosSão Carlos
SP, 13566-590
Brazil


Renata de Aquino Brito Lima
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Rodrigo Béttega
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of Uberlândia
P.O. Box 593
Uberlândia
MG, 38400-902
Brazil


Ronaldo Guimarães Corrêa
Department of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of São Carlos
P.O. Box 676
São Carlos
SP, 13565-905
Brazil


Valéria V. Murata
Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Federal University of Uberlândia
P.O. Box 593
Uberlândia
MG, 38400-902
Brazil


Wanderley P. de Oliveira
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto
State University of São Paulo
Via do Café s/n
Ribeirão Preto
SP, 14040-903
Brazil




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