Handbook of Natural Zeolites


by

Vassilis J. Inglezakis, Antonis A. Zorpas

DOI: 10.2174/97816080526151120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-261-5, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-446-6

  
  


Indexed in: Scopus

Handbook of Natural Zeolites provides a comprehensive and updated summary of all important aspects of natural zeolite...[view complete introduction]
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Table of Contents

Foreword , Pp. i

Alan Dyer
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Preface , Pp. ii-iii (2)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis and Antonis A. Zorpas
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List of Contributors , Pp. iv-vii (4)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis and Antonis A. Zorpas
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General Introduction , Pp. 3-10 (8)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis and Maria D. Loizidou
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Natural Zeolite Markets and Strategic Considerations , Pp. 11-27 (17)

Fernando Borsatto and Vassilis J. Inglezakis
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Zeolite Formation and Deposits , Pp. 28-51 (24)

Ioannis Marantos, George E. Christidis and Mihaela Ulmanu
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Mineralogy of Natural Zeolites , Pp. 52-69 (18)

Mihaela Ulmanu
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Physical and Chemical Properties , Pp. 70-102 (33)

Mihaela Ulmanu and Ildiko Anger
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Catalytic Properties of Zeolites , Pp. 103-132 (30)

Costas N. Costa, Petros G. Savva and Antonis A. Zorpas
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Natural Zeolites Structure and Porosity , Pp. 133-146 (14)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis and Antonis A. Zorpas
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Sorption Hysteresis in Zeolites , Pp. 147-155 (9)

Mohsen Hamidpour, Hossein Shariatmadari and Mahmoud Kalbasi
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Modified Zeolites: Pretreatment of Natural Zeolites by Use of Inorganic Salts , Pp. 156-165 (10)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis
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Modified Zeolites: Zeolites Modified with Organic Agents , Pp. 166-184 (19)

Kathryn A. Mumford, Meenakshi Arora, Jilska M. Perera and Geoffrey W. Stevens
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Modified Zeolites: Modification of Natural Zeolites for Catalytic Applications , Pp. 185-213 (29)

Claudia Cobzaru
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Environmental Application of Natural Zeolites , Pp. 214-237 (24)

Hossein Kazemian
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Uses of Natural Zeolites in Operations Involving Organic Gases and Vapors , Pp. 238-287 (50)

Kyriakos Elaiopoulos
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Contribution of Zeolites in Sewage Sludge Composting , Pp. 288-316 (29)

Antonis A. Zorpas
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Natural Zeolites in Medicine , Pp. 317-334 (18)

Marinos A. Stylianou
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Utilization of Natural Zeolites in Catalysis of C-C Bond Formation Processes , Pp. 335-368 (34)

Claudia Cobzaru
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Zeolite Utilization in Solar Energy Storage and Heat Exchange , Pp. 369-398 (30)

Mihaela Ulmanu and Ildiko Anger
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Natural Zeolites in Space Applications and Occurrence in Extraterrestrial Environments , Pp. 399-409 (11)

Vassilis J. Inglezakis
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Use of Zeolites for Improved Nutrient Recovery from Decentralized Domestic Wastewater , Pp. 410-435 (26)

Zsófia Ganrot
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An Update of Zeolitic and Other Traditional Adsorption and Ion Exchange Materials in Water Cleanup Processes , Pp. 436-452 (17)

Eva Chmielewská
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About Mathematical Modeling and Calculation of Dynamic Ion- Exchange Processes on Natural Zeolites , Pp. 453-472 (20)

Valentina A. Nikashina
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Environmental Applications of Natural Zeolites , Pp. 473-508 (36)

Hossein Kazemian, Kadir Gedik and İpek İmamoğlu
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Sustainable Use of Natural Zeolites in the Treatment of Wastes , Pp. 509-518 (10)

İpek İmamoğlu and Kadir Gedik
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Zeolites in Soil Remediation Processes , Pp. 519-568 (50)

Maria K. Doula, Victor A. Kavvadias and Kyriakos Elaiopoulos
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Utilisation of Natural Zeolites for Air Separation and Pollution Control , Pp. 569-587 (19)

Shaobin Wang
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Zeoponic Systems , Pp. 588-600 (13)

Mohsen Hamidpour, Hossein Shariatmadari and Mohsen Soleimani
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Zeolites in Food Processing Industries , Pp. 601-651 (51)

Constantina Tzia and Antonis A. Zorpas
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Applications in Construction Industry , Pp. 652-664 (13)

Mihaela Ulmanu
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Use of Natural Zeolite as Pozzolanic Material in Cement and Concrete Composites , Pp. 665-694 (30)

Mohammad Shekarchi, Babak Ahmadi and Meysam Najimi
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Energy-Saving, High-Efficient Nutrient Recovery from Household Wastewater Using Struvite Precipitation and Zeolite Adsorption Techniques , Pp. 695-705 (11)

Zsófia Ganrot
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Foreword

Zeolites are formed in nature by a wide range of geochemical processes at countless localities. The pioneering work in the 1930s by Professor Richard Barrer, and that other early workers, studied specimens taken from amygdales and veins arising from hydrothermal activity. These zeolites are of well-formed crystalline habit and many magnificent examples can be seen in all major museum mineral collections..

The interest in natural zeolites grew in the 1950s when they were recognised as important rock-forming minerals in a variety of sedimentary rocks where they occur as finely crystalline microscopic crystals. They are amongst the most common silicate minerals in these rocks, and occurrences of this type are vast. They are of great geological significance- as well as being of considerable economic potential. Commercial mining of sedimentary zeolites takes place in at least 17 countries and the products of this activity find a wide range of uses ranging from soil amendment, aquaculture and environmental improvements- especially in waste water remediation.

It is 10 years since the last book on natural zeolites was published so an update is due, but this book is particularly welcome because of its clearly intended function as a teaching tool coupled with a detailed coverage of natural zeolite use in current commercial processes and future market potential. It is an honour to be invited to provide this foreword.


Professor Alan Dyer
University of Salford, Salford, UK


Preface

This book has started back in time, during our PhD study in the National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering (Greece) when Vassilis was working in the Chemical Reaction Engineering lab and Antonis in the General Chemistry lab both experimentalists, both on natural zeolites but on different subjects: water/wastewater and sewage sludge treatment, respectively. However, it took more than 14 years to for us to mature as scientists and to come up with the ambition and the determination to write a book on Natural Zeolites.

We will never forget our excitement when by accident we have independently discovered a strange behavior of clinoptilolite; the smaller particle size followed slower kinetics towards the ion exchange both in aqueous and solid phase systems, a clear contrast to the basic theory. Our first common article was a reality in 2002: Particle Size Effects on Uptake of Heavy Metals from Sewage Sludge Compost Using Natural Zeolite Clinoptilolite, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 250, pp. 1-4.

It is a honor for us to have in our book an impressive number of 36 authors coming from 12 different countries, namely Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Slovakia, Russia, Sweden, UK, Turkey, Iran, Canada, Brazil and Australia. The authors are mainly coming from Universities (61%) and public research institutes (28%) with considerable participation of private sector (11%). Thus, we consider that the geographical, cultural, scientific and professional diversity of the authors guarantees the quality of this work.

The participation of Professor Alan Dyer in our book as signatory of the Preface is an event that we will never forget and will always be an ultimate honor for us.

From this position we have the need to thank by hart all those who have supported us as well as all those who have discourage us throughout our carrier; all experiences are valuable. We have learned that the most important values of life are the ones which are without price; hereby after 14 years we offer you the output of a long-lasting friendship.

For Vassilis and Antonis research is an Art. We hope the readers to appreciate our efforts and to enjoy reading.

Please note that no financial contributions or any potential conflict of interest to any of the book chapters exist.

Vassilis J. Inglezakis
SC European Focus Consulting SRL
Bacau
Romania

Antonis A. Zorpas
Cyprus Open University, Faculty of Pure and Applied Science
Environmental Conservation and Management
Institute of Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development
Laboratory of Environmental Friendly Technology
P.O.Box 34073, 5309
Paralimni Cyprus

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Vassilis J. Inglezakis
Managing Director of SC European Focus
Consulting SRL
Bacau
Romania


Antonis A. Zorpas
Cyprus Open University, Faculty of Pure and Applied Science
Environmental Conservation and Management
Institute of Environmental Technology and Sustainable Development Laboratory of Environmental Friendly Technology
Paralimni, P.O.Box 34073, 5309
Cyprus




Contributor(s):
Ahmadi Babak
Research Staff, Construction Materials Institute
Department of Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, University of Tehran
Tehran
Iran


Borsatto Fernando
Director, Indústrias Celta Brasil Ltda.
Brazil


Chmielewská Eva
Professor, Faculty of Natural Sciences
Comenius University
Bratislava
Slovakia


Christidis George
Professor, Technical University of Crete (TUC)
Department of Mineral Resources Engineering
Chania
Greece


Cobzaru Claudia
Lecturer, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi
Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection
Romania


Costa N. Costas
Associate Professor, Cyprus University of Technology
Department of Environmental Science and Technology
30 Archbishop Kyprianos, 3036 Lemesos
Cyprus P.O. Box 50329
3603 Lemesos
Cyprus


Doula Maria
Researcher, Soil Science Institute of Athens
National Agricultural Research Foundation
Likovrisi
Greece


Elaiopoulos Kyriakos
Research Staff, Chemical Processes Engineering Lab
School of Chemical Engineering
National Technical University
Athens
Greece


Ganrot Zsófia
Scientific Staff, Melica Environmental Consulting and Research Staff
Again Nutrient Recovery AB
Göteborg
Sweden


Gedik Kadir
Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Engineering
Akdeniz University
Antalya
Turkey


Hamidpour Mohsen
Assistant Professor, Environmental Soil and Water Chemistry
Soil Science Department
Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan (VRU)
Rafsanjan
Iran


Ildiko Anger
Senior researcher, National R&D Institute for Nonferrous and Rare Metals
Eco-technologies and Environment Protection Laboratory
Bucharest
Romania


İmamoğlu İpek
Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Engineering
Middle East Technical University
Ankara
Turkey


Inglezakis J. Vassilis
Managing Director, SC European Focus Consulting SRL
Bacau
Romania


Kavvadias A. Victor
Associate Researcher, Soil Science Institute of Athens
Hellenic Agricultural Organization “DEMETER”
Likovrisi
Greece


Kazemian Hossein
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Western University
London
Ontario , N6A 5B9
Canada


Loizidou Maria
Professor, Unit of Environmental Science and Technology
School of Chemical Engineering
National Technical University
Athens
Greece


Mahmoud Kalbasi
Department of Soil Science
Islamic Azad University
Khorasgan Branch
Isfahan
Iran


Marantos Ioannis
Scientific Staff
Greek Institute of Geology & Mineral Exploration
Greece


Meenakshi Arora
Lecturer, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
The University of Melbourne
Victoria
3010
Australia


Mumford A. Kathryn
Lecturer, Particulate Fluids Processing Centre
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
The University of Melbourne
Victoria , 3010
Australia


Najimi Meysam
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
University of Nevada-Las Vegas
Tehran
USA


Nikashina A. Valentina
Head of the research group in the Sorption Methods Laboratory of Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry
and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia


Perera M. Jilska
Senior Research Fellow
Particulate Fluids Processing Centre
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
The University of Melbourne
Victoria , 3010
Australia


Savva Petros
Special Teaching Staff
Cyprus University of Technology
Department of Environmental Science and Technology
Cyprus


Shariatmadari Hossein
Professor, Soil Science Department
Isfahan University of Technology (IUT)
Isfahan
Iran


Shekarchi Mohammad
Construction Materials Institute (CMI)
Department of Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, University of Tehran
Tehran
Iran


Soleimani Mohsen
Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science
Faculty of Natural Resources
Isfahan University of Technology
Isfahan
Iran


Stevens W. Geoffrey
Professor, Particulate Fluids Processing Centre
The Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
The University of Melbourne
Victoria , 3010
Australia


Stylianou A. Marinos
Research Staff, Unit of Environmental Science and Technology
School of Chemical Engineering
National Technical University
Athens
Greece


Constantina Tzia
Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology
School of Chemical Engineering
National Technical University of Athens (NTUA)
Greece


Ulmanu Mihaela
Senior Researcher
Environmental Protection and Ecology Department of the Institute for Non Ferrous and Rare Metals (IMNR)
Bucharest
Romania


Wang Shaobin
Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering
Curtin University of Technology
Perth
Australia


Zorpas A. Antonis
Cyprus Open University, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciencem
Environmental Conservation and Management
Director, EnviTech Ltd, Institute of Environmental Technology & Sustainable Development
Paralimni
Cyprus




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