Frontiers on Recent Developments in Plant Science

Volume 1

by

Aakash Goyal, Priti Maheshwari

DOI: 10.2174/97816080540391120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-403-9, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-404-6
ISSN: 2213-2708

  
  




Volume 1 - Frontiers on Recent Developments on Plant Science is an edited, peer-reviewed volume comprised of a collec...[view complete introduction]
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Table of Contents

Foreword , Pp. i

Hisashi Tsujimoto
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Preface , Pp. ii

Aakash Goyal and Priti Maheshwari
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List of Contributors , Pp. iii-iv (2)

Aakash Goyal and Priti Maheshwari
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Plant Secondary Metabolites: From Diseases to Health , Pp. 3-23 (21)

Rakesh Yadav, Pooja Arora and Ashok Chaudhury
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RNAi: New Era of Functional Genomics for Crop Improvement , Pp. 24-38 (15)

Pradeep Kumar, Madhu Kamle and Ashutosh Pandey
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Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Host-Rhizobium Interaction , Pp. 39-59 (21)

Pooja Arora, Rakesh Yadav, Neeraj Dilbaghi and Ashok Chaudhury
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Recent Advances in Sago Palm (Metroxylon Sagu Rottboell) Micropropagation , Pp. 60-66 (7)

Annabelle U. Novero
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Tools for Generating Male Sterile Plants , Pp. 67-85 (19)

Sudhir P. Singh, Joy K. Roy, Dinesh Kumar and Samir V. Sawant
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Anti-Bacterial and Crystallographic Studies of Jatrophone, the Macrocyclic Diterpenoid from the Roots of Jatropha Gossypifolia l. , Pp. 86-98 (13)

R. S. Satyan, Ajay Parida and Babu Varghese
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Biological Control of Plant Diseases by Serratia Species: A Review or a Case Study , Pp. 99-115 (17)

Dipanwita Saha, Gargi Dhar Purkayastha and Aniruddha Saha
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Molecular Approaches for Detection of Plant Pathogens , Pp. 116-136 (21)

Dipali Majumder, Thangaswamy Rajesh and Thalhun Lhingkhanthem Kipgen
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Role of NACs in Regulation of Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants , Pp. 137-148 (12)

S. Puranik and M. Prasad
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Phytoremediation: A New Hope for the Environment , Pp. 149-171 (23)

Sarvjeet Kukreja and Umesh Goutam
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Index , Pp. 172-176 (5)

Aakash Goyal and Priti Maheshwari
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Foreword

World population has already exceeded seven billion, and further food production is required towards 2060 when the population will be at its peak. Besides this, global climate accompanied with drought across various regions in the world is another big challenge. Also excessive use of ground water and natural resources is drawing towards depletion of these gifts. Currently, food production is unable to meet the increasing demand, and we have failed to compete with the ever increasing food prices. This situation has resulted in a widening disparity between the rich and the poor at both state and personal levels, and consequently has lead to conflicts and political instability.

A combination of wisdoms from different aspects is needed to challenge these global issues, and to avoid periods of tribulations that the humanity may suffer several decades from now. Fortunately, in the last century we could deepen our knowledge of living organisms at the molecular level, which opened a new field of science - biotechnology. This technology expresses great power in medical and agricultural sciences. Many excellent crops have been created by biotechnology and have already appeared in the market. This sharp knife is a key tool to cut out the global issues we are facing.

The eBook edited by Dr. Aakash Goyal and Dr. Priti Maheshwari provides an insight into the current trends in Plant sciences. It gives a broad overview of the implementation of current molecular biology techniques and its increasing role in crop and medicinal plant research. Chapters written by experts in their respective fields will make the reader acquainted with a variety of topics ranging from the plant secondary metabolites, RNAi and its role in crop improvement, biological nitrogen fixation, new trends of micropropagation, medicinal and biological control properties of plants, and the increasing role of plants in phytoremediation. As such, the volume should be particularly useful in getting updates on the given areas of study and will equally help researchers and educators with providing latest advances in Plant Science. The chapters are contributed by up-and-coming young plant researchers, with consideration of plant science applications for agriculture, medical and environmental issues. Great emphases are paid for novel methodologies, use of new crops and undeveloped but promising plant species in the coming decades. I believe that, plant science will strongly contribute to solve the global issues, and hope this century will be named ‘The Century of Happiness’ when our next generations explore the history.

Hisashi Tsujimoto
Arid Land Research Center
Tottori University
Japan


Preface

Nobody knows when and where plants were used for the first time by human beings. Plants were used for food, fire, forage and even for medicinal purposes since prehistoric times. Plants have an entire kingdom of life forms, and are the most essential group of organisms in our world. Without plants, all other forms of life would cease to exist. When humans started building colonies and getting civilized their dependency on plants increased by several folds. Today plants are even more important due to their increased demand of for their different uses.

Research in plant sciences has a significant role to play in many wide areas including agriculture, energy, and environmental stewardship. Today we are dealing with an urgent issue on how to feed the growing world population. With increased and effective plant science research we can develop methods to provide sustainable food supply towards fulfillment of the increased food demand. Second issue is related to the rapidly changing environment leading to deterioration of natural resources and increased global warming. With advancements in plant sciences we can explore how plants can cope with less water, rising temperatures, and other environmental stresses. Plant science research can enable scientists to develop crops that can withstand changing climate conditions alongside of increased productivity. We really need to think today how plants can contribute as environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable sources of energy?

In past decade plant science research has flourished in many different and newer areas e.g. plant genetics, genomics, molecular biology, epigenetics and proteomics. This broadened research has augmented our knowledge to understand plants better than before. With the help of several new concepts and powerful strategies like Marker Assisted Selection (MAS), LD mapping, Association mapping, Gene cloning, Radiation hybrid mapping, RNA interference, TILLING, Expression Genetics, and Genome sequencing of model plants, we are now able to improve and think of efficient and different uses of plants.

This multi authored edited eBook “Frontiers on Recent Developments in Plant Science” is an attempt to put forth a compilation of work in various areas of plant science of several scientists and post-doctoral fellows across the world, all well known, distinguished and experts in different frontiers of plant science research. This eBook is an effort to gather the successes achieved in areas of plant genetics, molecular biology and breeding aspects across all the major continents. The chief objective of the eBook hence is to deliver state of the art knowledge, information to comprehend the advancement of plant science research to its readers.

REVIEW PROCESS

Each chapter of the eBook has undergone a double-blinded review process being reviewed by two independent reviewers. The reviewers were selected for their active expertise in the field of the respective chapter. After review, the authors made all probable corrections in the light of reviewers comments after which the chapters were accepted. The constructive comments and critical advice of the reviewers have greatly improved the quality and content of this eBook.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

First of all the Editor’s would like to thank all the Author’s for their outstanding efforts, and timely work in producing such fine chapters. We also greatly appreciate all the reviewers for their time to review the respective chapters. We would also like to thank Bentham Science Publication and Salma for her clerical assistance, advice and encouragement during the development of this eBook. Last but not least heartfelt thanks goes to our families, and parents for their love, encouragement and vision that unveiled in us from our earliest years, the desire to thrive on the challenge of always striving to reach the highest mountain in everything we do.

Aakash Goyal,
Canadian Wheat Breeder
Bayer Crop Science
Canada

Priti Maheshwari
Research Scientist Plant Transformation Division
Plantbiosys Ltd, Lethbridge
Bayer Crop Science
Canada

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Aakash Goyal
Canadian Wheat Breeder Bayer Crop Science
Canada


Priti Maheshwari
Research Scientist Plant Transformation Division Plantbiosys Ltd
Lethbridge
Canada




Contributor(s):
Ajay Parida
Bioprospecting & Tissue Culture Lab
M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation
III Cross Street, Taramani Institutional Area
Taramani
Chennai, (T.N.)
India


Aniruddha Saha
Department of Botany
University of North Bengal
Siliguri
W.B
India


Annabelle U. Novero
College of Science and Mathematics
University of the Philippines Mindanao, Mintal
Davao City
Philippines


Anu Singh
ITS Paramedical College
Ghaziabad
U.P
India


Ashok Chaudhury
Department of Bio and Nano Technology
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology
Hissar
Haryana
India


Ashutosh Pandey
Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Rehmankhera
Lucknow
U.P
India


Babu Varghese
X-Ray Crystallography Department
Sophisticated Analytical Instrumentation Facility (SAIF)
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
Chennai
T.N
India


Dinesh Kumar
University of Lucknow
Lucknow
U.P
India


Dipali Majumder
Plant Bacteriology
College of Post Graduate Studies
Central Agricultural University
Umiam
Meghalaya
India


Dipanwita Saha
Department of Biotechnology
University of North Bengal
Siliguri
W.B
India


Gargi D. Purkayastha
Department of Biotechnology
University of North Bengal
Siliguri
W.B
India


Joy K. Roy
Department of Biotechnology
National Botanical Research Institute
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Lucknow, (U.P.)
Current Address: National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute
Mohali
Punjab
India


Madhu Kamle
Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Rehmankhera
Lucknow
U.P
India


Manoj Prasad
National Institute of Plant Genome Research
Aruna Asaf Ali Marg
New Delhi
India


Neeraj Dilbaghi
Department of Bio and Nano Technology
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology
Hissar
Haryana
India


Pooja Arora
Department of Bio and Nano Technology
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology
Hissar
Haryana
India


Pradeep Kumar
Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Rehmankhera
Lucknow
U.P
India


Rakesh Yadav
Department of Bio and Nano Technology
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology
Hissar
Haryana
India


R.S. Satyan
Bioprospecting & Tissue Culture Lab
M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, III Cross Street
Taramani Institutional Area
Taramani, Chennai
T.N
India


Samir V. Sawant
Department of Biotechnology
National Botanical Research Institute
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Lucknow, (U.P.)
Current Address: National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute
Mohali
Punjab
India


Sarvjeet Kukreja
Department of Biotechnology
Lovely Professional University
Jalandhar
Punjab
India


Sudhir P. Singh
Department of Biotechnology
National Botanical Research Institute
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Lucknow, (U.P.)
Current Address: National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute
Mohali
Punjab
India


Swati Puranik
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science
National Institute of Plant Genome Research
Aruna Asaf Ali Marg
Jamia Hamdard
New Delhi
India


Thalhun L. Kipgen
Plant Pathology, College of Post Graduate Studies
Central Agricultural University
Umiam
Meghalaya
India


Thangaswamy Rajesh
Plant Pathology, College of Post Graduate Studies
Central Agricultural University
Umiam
Meghalaya
India


Umesh Goutam
Department of Biotechnology
Lovely Professional University
Jalandhar
India




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