The Role of Place Identity in the Perception, Understanding, and Design of Built Environments


by

Hernan Casakin, Fátima Bernardo

DOI: 10.2174/97816080541381120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-413-8, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-412-1



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Indexed in: Scopus

In an era of globalization, where the progressive deterioration of local values is a dominating characteristic, identity is seen as a ...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

About the Editors

- Pp. i

Hernan Casakin and Fátima Bernardo

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Foreword

- Pp. ii

Hernan Casakin and Fátima Bernardo

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Preface

- Pp. iii

Hernan Casakin

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iv-vi (3)

Hernan Casakin

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Acknowledgements

- Pp. vii

Hernan Casakin

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Introduction: The Role of Place Identity in the Perception, Understanding, and Design of Built Environments

- Pp. viii

Hernan Casakin and Fátima Bernardo

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Place, Place Identity, and Phenomenology: A Triadic Interpretation Based on J.G. Bennett’s Systematics

- Pp. 3-21 (19)

David Seamon

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Essential Human Qualities in Strengthening Place Identity as Expressed in Louis Kahn’s Architectural Theory

- Pp. 22-34 (13)

Susan Noormohammadi

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Place Identity: A Central Concept in Understanding Intergroup Relationships in the Urban Context

- Pp. 35-46 (12)

Fátima Bernardo and José Manuel Palma-Oliveira

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Revitalization of Public Spaces in a Working Class Neighborhood: Appropriation, Identity and the Urban Imaginary

- Pp. 47-62 (16)

Hélène Bélanger, Sara Cameron and Cecilia de la Mora

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Reconstitution of the Place Identity within the Intervention Efforts in the Historic Built Environment

- Pp. 63-77 (15)

Humeyra Birol Akkurt

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Place Identity as a Useful Psychological Construct for Approaching Modern Social Challenges and New People-Environment Relations: Residential Mobility, Restorative Environments, and Landscape

- Pp. 78-91 (14)

Tomeu Vidal, Renato Troffa, Sergi Valera and Ferdinando Fornara

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Open Spaces in Informal Settlements in Bogotá, Expressions of Attachment and Identity

- Pp. 92-106 (15)

Jaime Hernández-Garcia

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Place Identity in the Neighborhood as Perceived by the Elder Residents: Relations with Attachment, Dependence and Place Quality

- Pp. 107-119 (13)

Hernan Casakin and Shimshon Neikrug

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Multilayered Identity of Places: Linkage Between Physical Form, Behaviour Patterns and Public Perception

- Pp. 120-132 (13)

Barbara Goličnik Marušić and Matej Nikšič

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Place Identity and Religion: A Study of Hindu Immigrants in America

- Pp. 133-145 (13)

Shampa Mazumdar and Sanjoy Mazumdar

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Place Identity Principles and Cultural Metaphors in a Mexican Environment

- Pp. 146-162 (17)

Hernan Casakin and Esi Abbam Elliot

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Place and the Politics of Local Identity: Belonging and Immigrant Settlement in American Suburbia

- Pp. 163-175 (13)

Debra Lattanzi Shutika

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Identity and Identification: The Role of Architectural Identity in a Globalised World

- Pp. 176-193 (18)

Robert Adam

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Context, Identity and Architectural Design Thinking. Álvaro Siza’s ‘Bairro da Malagueira’

- Pp. 194-208 (15)

Jorge Spencer and Nuno Miguel Seabra

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Wither Genius Loci?: The City, Urban Fabric and Identity in Perth, Western Australia

- Pp. 209-227 (19)

Felicity Morel-Edniebrown

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Index

- Pp. 228-231 (4)

Hernan Casakin

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Foreword

In a rapidly changing world, how do place identity and place attachment have relevance to people’s everyday lives and to professional design and planning? In various ways, this question underlies all the chapters of this volume, expressed through a wide range of conceptual perspectives and approaches. Place identity, place attachment, genius loci, people-place interaction, place-based planning and design are all valuable concepts and approaches that can help bridge divisions between research and practice and between academic knowledge and everyday life. Contributors to the volume convincingly demonstrate how the themes of place, place identity, and place making can facilitate valuable linkages among a wide range of disciplines and professions, including architecture, sociology, geography, environmental psychology, landscape architecture, and urban design and planning

Increasing awareness of environmental and architectural experience was a major aim of humanistic geographer Yi-Fu Tuan, one of the earliest academic proponents for studying place and place identity. In his 1977 Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience, he laid out a provocative set of questions for which today we still do not have thorough answers

How do we describe “familiarity,” that quality of “at homeness” we feel towards a person or place? What kinds of intimate places can be planned, and what cannot—at least, no more than we can plan for deeply human encounters? Are space and place the environmental equivalents of the human need for adventure and safety, openness and definition? How long does it take to form a lasting attachment to place? Is the sense of place a quality of awareness poised between being rooted in place, which is unconscious, and being alienated, which goes with exacerbated consciousness—and exacerbated because it is only or largely mental? How do we promote the visibility of rooted communities that lack striking visual symbols? What is the loss and gain in such promotion?” (Tuan, 1977, p. 202)

The contributors to this volume offer a wide range of intriguing answers to Tuan questions. The chapters provide, on one hand, valuable knowledge regarding place identity and, on the other hand, inspiring insights regarding place creation. Planning, envisioning, and actualizing sustainable communities and places is a challenging task demanding an understanding and approach that move beyond arbitrary, piecemeal policies and fashionable, image-driven design. The chapters of this volume offer much in advancing a more robust, comprehensive place making grounded in the needs and actions of people-in-place

REFERENCE

Tuan, Y. (1977). Place and Space: The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Maria da Graça Saraiva

Landscape Architect and Associate Professor, School of Architecture, Technical University of Lisbon (UTL); Researcher, Center for Urban and Regional Systems (CESUR), Technical Institute of the Technical University of Lisbon; Researcher, Research Center of Architecture, Urbanism and Design (CIAUD), School of Architecture, University of Lisbon (UTL )


Preface

The concern that identity has recently generated comes as a reaction to the recent processes of globalization, integration, and homogenization, which seriously threaten the identity of places (Lewicka, 2010; Relph, 1976). Whereas, the progressive deterioration of local values, and the the loss of individuality and distinctiveness is a dominating characteristic of our era (Borja & Castells, 1997; Scholte, 2005), identity is seen as a fundamental need that encompasses all aspects of human life.

Identity in relation to places and the physical environment is one of those. To these regards, identity is the basis of perception, experience, and appreciation of the environment. It allows people to develop affective bonds to place, as well as a sense of belonging that brings people together around shared values, issues and localities (Manzo, 2003; Tuan, 1980). Place identity contributes to forge the image of an environment, as well as its vitality, livability, and performance.

Place identity is concerned with a set of concepts and ideas about place and identity in a variety of disciplines such as environmental psychology, philosophy, semiotics, urban sociology, geography, urban planning, urban design, architecture, and landscape architecture. It refers to the personal meanings, symbols, and significance that places have for their residents, visitors, and users. Thus, place identity constitutes a component of personal identity through which people describe themselves in terms of belonging to a specific place (Proshansky, 1978; Proshansky, Fabian, & Karminoff, 1983).

Place identity can be affected by the physical or spatial features of a setting (e.g., structure, spatial characteristics, built form, landscape, and furniture), the activities carried out in it (circulation flow, behavior patterns), and its meaning (legibility, cultural associations, and semiotics). In consequence, the interaction between people and these fundamental elements of the environment has a strong influence on how place identity is perceived and understood. As such, the concept of place identity can vary as a result of geographic conditions, culture, technical, political, social, psychological, and technological factors.

While place identity constitutes a significant theme for debate, the relationship between identity, place, architecture, and urban design still deserves more attention. What constitutes place identity is a controversial issue that continues to generate heated discussion and disagreement.

This eBook aims at developing knowledge in relation to some of the main themes related to place identity nowadays, and most of all on a science of identity in the built environment, across a multifaceted and multicultural society. We hope that this collection of chapters will capture the attention of those already in the place identity community, and of all those who will find an interest here.

REFERENCES

Borja, J. & Castells M. (1997). Local and Global, Management of Cities in the Information Age, London: Earthscan. Lewicka, M. (2010). What makes neighborhood different from home and city? Effects of place scale on place attachment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 35-51.

Manzo, L. C. (2003). Beyond house and haven: Toward a revisioning of emotional relationships with places. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 47-61.

Proshansky, H. M. (1978). The city and self-identity. Environment and Behavior, 10, 147-169. Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A.K., & Karminoff, R.(1983). Place identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 57-84.

Relph, E. C. (1976). Place and placelessness. London: Pion

Scholte, J. A. (2005). Globalisation: a critical introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Tuan, Y. F. (1980). Rootedness versus sense of place. Landscape, 24, 3-8.

Hernan Casakin
School of Architecture
Ariel University Center of Samaria
Israel

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Hernan Casakin
Ariel University Center of Samaria
Israel


Fátima Bernardo
Technical University of Lisbon
University of Evora
Portugal




Contributor(s):
Barbara Goličnik Marušić
Urban Planning Institute and School of Architecture
University of Maribor
Slovenia


Cecilia de la Mora
UQAM
University of Quebec
Montréal
Canada


David Seamon
Kansas State University
Manhattan
Kansas
USA


Debra Lattanzi Shutika
English and Cultural Studies
Fairfax
Virginia
USA


Esi Abbam Elliot
Department of Managerial Studies
University of Illinois at Chicago
USA


Fátima Bernardo
Department of Psychology, University of Évora
Center for Urban and Regional Systems (CESUR)
Technical Institute, Technical University of Lisbon
Portugal


Felicity Morel-Edniebrown
International Committee on Interpretation
Presentation of Heritage Sites
Australia


Ferdinando Fornara
Department of Social and Environmental Psychology
University of Cagliari
Italy


Hélène Bélanger
Department of Urban and Tourism Studies
University of Quebec
Montreal
Canada


Hernan Casakin
Department of Architecture
Ariel University Center of Samaria
Ariel
Israel


Humeyra Birol Akkurt
Department of Restoration
Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Architecture
Izmir
Turkıye


Jaime Hernandez-Garcia
School of Architecture and Design
Javeriana University
Bogota
Colombia


José Manuel Palma-Oliveira
Faculty of Psychology and Education
University of Lisbon Psychology
Beijing
Portugal


Matej Nikšič
Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia
Beijing
Slovenia


Nuno Miguel Seabra
Faculty of Architecture
Technical University of Lisbon, and Faculty of Architecture and Arts
Lusíada University of Lisbon
Portugal


Renato Troffa
Psychology of Groups
University of Cagliari
Italy


Robert Adam
University of Strathclyde
Glasgow
Scotland


Sanjoy Mazumdar
Department of Planning, Policy and Design
University of California
Irvine



Sara Cameron
Department of Urban and Tourism Studies
University of Quebec
Montreal
Canada


Sergi Valera
Department of Social and Environmental Psychology
University of Barcelona
Spain


Shampa Mazumdar
Department of Sociology
University of California
Irvine
USA


Shimshon Neikrug
Department of Social Work
Ariel University Center
Israel


Susan Noormohammadi
Faculty of Architecture
University of Tehran
Tehran
Iran


Tomeu Vidal
Department of Social and Environmental Psychology
University of Barcelona
Spain




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