Otolaryngology for the Pediatrician


by

Rahul K. Shah

DOI: 10.2174/97816080545961130101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-459-6, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-60805-124-3





Otolaryngology for the Pediatrician serves both as a primer as well as an instant reference for all medical practitioners caring for t...[view complete introduction]

Pediatric Stridor

- Pp. 136-149 (14)

Joshua R. Bedwell and George H. Zalzal

Abstract

Stridor is noisy breathing due to airway obstruction, and may be caused by a vast array of pathologies. Children present with stridor along a continuum of acuity and severity. Causes of acute stridor include infections and foreign bodies. Chronic stridor may be due to a wide array of functional and anatomic anomalies, with common causes including laryngomalacia, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, subglottic stenosis, vocal fold paralysis, and airway hemangioma. Laryngomalacia is far and away the most common cause for chronic stridor in the infant. </p><p> In order to correctly diagnose and manage the stridulous child, a detailed history regarding the onset, progression, and nature of the stridor, and a thorough physical examination, potentially including laryngoscopy must be performed. Management must start with ensuring a safe and secure airway, followed by correction of the underlying cause.

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