Rare Animals of India


by

Natarajan Singaravelan

DOI: 10.2174/97816080548551130101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-485-5, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-60805-629-3



Recommend this eBook to your Library

Indexed in: Scopus

Rare Animals of India is a unique book that presents the biological and ecological accounts of the least known animal...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i- (1)

Paul A. Racey

Download Free

Preface

- Pp. ii-iii (2)

Natarajan Singaravelan

Download Free

List of Contributors

- Pp. iv-vi (3)

Natarajan Singaravelan

Download Free

Caecilians – The Limbless Elusive Amphibians: In the Backdrop of Kerala Region of the Western Ghats

- Pp. 3-34 (32)

Ramachandran Kotharambath, Reston S. Beyo, Lekha Divya, Mohammed A. Akbarsha and Oommen V. Oommen

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Endangered and Enigmatic Reptiles of Western Ghats – An Overview

- Pp. 35-61 (27)

Sumaithangi R. Ganesh and Sumaithangi R. Chandramouli

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Agamid Lizards of India: Emphasis on Distribution and Conservation Status of Endemic and Rare Species

- Pp. 62-75 (14)

P. D. Venugopal

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Indian Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus): Status, Ecology and Conservation

- Pp. 76-100 (25)

Prasanta K. Saikia

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Ecology of the Critically Endangered Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti

- Pp. 101-112 (12)

Girish Jathar and Asad Rahmani

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Vulnerable Vultures of India: Population, Ecology and Conservation

- Pp. 113-144 (32)

Amita Kanaujia and Sonika Kushwaha

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Shortsighted About the Shortwings? Conservation Biology of the Shortwings, Threatened Endemic Birds, on the Sky Islands of Southern India?

- Pp. 145-159 (15)

V.V. Robin and Anindya Sinha

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Population, Ecology and Conservation of Salim Ali’s Fruit Bat (Latidens salimalii)

- Pp. 160-178 (19)

Juliet Vanitharani, Natarajan Singaravelan and Ganapathy Marimuthu

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Ecology and Conservation of Endangered Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus in India

- Pp. 179-203 (25)

Gopinathan Maheswaran

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Ecology and Conservation of Endemic Bengal Marsh Mongoose in East Kolkata Wetlands, a Ramsar Site in West Bengal

- Pp. 204-241 (38)

Jayanta K. Mallick

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Population, Behavioural Ecology and Conservation of Hoolock Gibbon in Northeast India

- Pp. 242-266 (25)

Awadhesh Kumar, Ashalata Devi, Atul Kumar Gupta and Kuladip Sarma

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Snow Leopard: Ecology and Conservation

- Pp. 267-276 (10)

Koustubh Sharma

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Subject Index

- Pp. 277-280 (4)

Natarajan Singaravelan

Download Free

Foreword

India’s biodiversity hotspots and biodiversity-rich ecoregions are well known internationally. The country’s burgeoning human population requires more settlements, and its rapidly growing economy brings with it the pollution often associated with industrialization. All this results in direct and indirect threats to wildlife habitats in many parts of the country, and exacerbates human-wildlife conflict, which in turn diminishes the population size of many species, and the rare get rarer. Governmental and non-governmental organizations are working hard to address this situation.

Indian wildlife biologists have concentrated on the iconic megafauna of lions, tigers, elephant and rhino, for which there is now a huge literature. Although rare species catch the imagination of some wildlife biologists and naturalists and new species continue to be discovered, biological and ecological information about them is often less accessible. This eBook on Rare Animals of India is an important initiative aimed at presenting rare terrestrial vertebrates and condensing the available ecological information on them.

I have known Singaravelan for over a decade, since his doctoral studies. We share an interest in bats and have worked together, during field training workshops conducted by the Chiroptera Conservation Information Network of South Asia. Despite his varied academic and research interests, Singaravelan has keen interests in wildlife and its conservation. He has selected rare species and experts on their biology from throughout India and his eBook showcases rare vertebrates and their habitats. It will be of wide interest to researchers, naturalists, wildlife biologists, conservation/policy planners and students of wildlife. I hope it achieves the wide readership it deserves.

Paul A. Racey, DSc, FRSE, FSB
Regius Professor of Natural History (Emeritus)
University of Aberdeen
Honorary Visiting Professor
University of Exeter in Cornwall
Co-Chair, IUCN’s Bat Specialist Group UK


Preface

Globally, the extinction rate of species is on the rise. Furthermore, even the IUCN red list status of most animals witnessing a promotion over the years. Living Planet Index (LPI) is a robust measure of world’s biodiversity status, which has been adopted by Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) as a reliable indicator to take rigorous action to halt the loss of biodiversity.

According to Living Plant Report 2012, wildlife populations in the world’s tropical regions have fallen by more than 60% in the past four decades. When compared to its 1970 baseline data, wildlife population is declined by 64% in Indo-Pacific regions due to various human activities like deforestation, habitat loss, over-fishing, pollution and climate change. This rings the warning bell to a wider section of people; conservation biologists, wildlife enthusiasts, environmentalists, forest officials, policy makers and common people, who strive saving them. Thus, there is a pressing need to save the species which are on the verge of extinction. Thorough understanding of and knowledge on such rare animals’ biology and ecology is the very first step towards any such conservation efforts. India is one among wildlife-rich countries enriched with amazing biodiversity.

According to recent studies, India is one amongst the 12 ‘megadiverse’ countries that collectively account for 60-70% of world’s biodiversity. This subcontinent is home for about 81000 animal species. Of which, it has 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian species, comprising several endemic and some rare to extremely rarest species. In India, we have many rare species. The definition of rarity may vary which is contingent both on global population size and distribution range. For instance, a species becomes rare when its population size is so small. But a species with reasonably good population size can still be a rare species when their distribution range is so tiny.

I deliberately entitled this eBook “Rare Animals of India”, which features and documents mostly the species, which has the IUCN red list status of either Critically Endangered or Endangered. Here one might wonder, whether the eBook deals all animal species belonging to such categories, but is not the case. Take for instance, Royal Bengal Tiger and Asiatic Lion, these carnivores are endangered though, we have enough information on them in all forms of literature (i.e., books, journals, monographs etc.). But there remains several rare species for which the ecological information is strewn and often dormant in grey literature like technical reports, conference proceedings, and in obscure journals.

This eBook is a pioneering attempt to unify the ecological and conservation information of such rare and little known animals across the length and breadth of India. Of late, Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), India, compiled a list of critically endangered species of India and released a booklet just in March, 2011. This booklet only showcases pictures of all critically endangered species with a very brief description. Indeed, the proposal for this eBook made in the last quarter of 2009. But the compiling of this eBook inordinately delayed almost over a couple of years due to some unavoidable reasons. I selectively and intentionally included only the species which are rare and little known/studied. In exception, I included some endemic species which are not endangered, but the information on such species is very scanty and also because of the tiny distributional range.

This eBook is aimed at audiences spanning wildlife professionals and students, naturalists, environmentalists, governmental and non-governmental agencies, academic institutions who have concerns in saving such rare species. This eBook is neither a field guide nor a perfect text eBook, but it would serve the purpose of both to certain extent, furnishing needed, but yet available information.

I dedicate this eBook for all wildlife enthusiasts and naturalists who strive saving the animal species. I thank Prof. Paul Racey for writing foreword, and Bentham Science Publishers, especially Salma Sarfaraz, Naila Rafique and Nazia Kamran for their guidance and cooperation all through the processing. I extend my sincere thanks to Dr. V.V. Robin and S. Sivakumar, who assisted bringing in a couple of contributors to this eBook.

Natarajan Singaravelan
Bommanampalayam
Bharathiyar University (Post)
Tamil Nadu
India

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Natarajan Singaravelan
Bommanampalayam
Bharathiyar University (Post)
India




Contributor(s):
Mohammed A. Akbarsha
Department of Animal Sciences
Bharatidasan University
Tiruchirappally
Tamil Nadu, 620024
India


Reston S. Beyo
Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore , 560012
India


Sumaithangi R. Chandramouli
Department of Zoology
Department of ZoologyDivision of Wildlife Biology
A.V.C. College
Mannampandal
Tamil Nadu
India


Ashlata Devi
Department of Environmental Science
Tezpur University
NAPAM
Tezpur, Dist. Sonitpur
Assam
India


Lekha Divya
School of Biological Sciences
Central University of Kerala
Padannakkad
Kasaragod, Kerala
India


Sumaithangi R. Ganesh
Department of Zoology
Department of ZoologyDivision of Wildlife Biology
A.V.C. College
Mannampandal
Tamil Nadu
India


Atul Kumar Gupta
PCCF & Chief Wildlife Warden
Member-Secretary, Tripura Biodiversity Board
Aranya Bhawan, Gorkha Basti, P. O. Kunjaban
Agartala 799 006
Tripura (W)
india


Girish Jathar
Watershed Organization Trust
2nd Floor, The Forum, Padmavati Corner
Pune-Satara Road
Pune
Mahaashtra, 411037
India


Amita Kanaujia
Department of Zoology
University of Lucknow
Lucknow-226007
Uttar Pradesh
India


Ramachandran Kotharambath
Department of Zoology
Government College Chittur
Palakkad
Kerala, 678104
India


Awadhesh Kumar
Department of Forestry
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology (Deemed University)
Nirjuli-791109 (Itanagar)
Arunachal Pradesh
India


Sonika Kushwaha
Department of Zoology
University of Lucknow
Lucknow-226007
Uttar Pradesh
India


Gopinathan Maheswaran
Zoological Survey of India
Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre
Senki Valley Itanagar-791113
, Arunachal Pradesh
India


Jayanta K. Mallick
Wildlife Wing (Headquarters)
Forest Directorate, Government of West Bengal
Bikash Bhawan, North Block
3rd floor, Salt Lake City
Kolkata 700091
India


Ganapathy Marimuthu
Department of Animal Behaviour & Physiology
School of Biological Sciences
Madurai Kamaraj University
Madurai
Tamil Nadu
India


Oommen V. Oommen
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Pallimuku, Thiruvananthapuram 695024
Kerala
India


Asad Rahmani
Bombay Natural History Society
Hornbill House, Salim Ali Chowk
Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Mumbai - 400023
India


V.V. Robin
National Institute of Advanced Studies
Indian Institute of Science Campus
Bangalore 560012
India


Prasanta K. Saikia
Animal Ecology & Wildlife Biology Lab
Department of Zoology
Gauhati University
Assam
India


Kuladip Sarma
Department of Forestry
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology (Deemed University)
Nirjuli-791109 (Itanagar)
Arunachal Pradesh
India


Koustubh Sharma
Snow Leopard Trust, 4649
Sunnyside Avenue
North Suite #325
Seattle
WA 98103
USA


Natarajan Singaravelan
Thondamuthur Main Road
Bommanampalayam
Bharathiyar University (Post)
Coimbatore-46
Tamil Nadu
India


Anindya Sinha
National Institute of Advanced Studies
Indian Institute of Science Campus
Bangalore 560012
India


Juliet Vanitharani
Department of Zoology
Sarah Tucker College
Tirunelveli – 627 007
Tamil Nadu
India


P.D. Venugopal
Department of Entomology
University of Maryland
4124 Plant Sciences Building
College Park
MD 20742-4454
USA




Advertisement


Related Journals



Related Books



Webmaster Contact: urooj@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2016 Bentham Science