Frontiers in Occupational Health and Safety: Changes in the World of Work and Impacts on Occupational Health and Safety

Volume 1

by

Marcela G. Ribeiro

DOI: 10.2174/97816080594851140101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-948-5, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-60805-949-2
ISSN: 2352-9423 (Print)



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Frontiers in Occupational Health and Safety: Changes in the world of work and impacts on Occupational Health and Saf...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Eduardo Algranti

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Preface

- Pp. ii-iii (2)

Marcela G. Ribeiro

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iv

Marcela G. Ribeiro

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Work Organization and Occupational Health in Contemporary Capitalism

- Pp. 3-31 (29)

Ana Valéria C. Dias and Francisco de P. A. Lima

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Nanotechnology and Risks into the Workers’ Universe: Some Critical Reflections

- Pp. 32-86 (55)

Paulo R. Martins and Richard D. Dulley

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Occupational Health and Safety Knowledge and Practice

- Pp. 87-136 (50)

Marcela G. Ribeiro and Fernanda F. Ventura

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Index

- Pp. 137-150 (14)

Marcela G. Ribeiro

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Foreword

The quick global changes that we witnessed in the last two decades caused a profound impact in the world of work, both in highly industrialized societies and in countries in different phases of development. Frontiers in Occupational Health and Safety starts its series with an in depth discussion of work organization facing the present complexities, new technologies exemplified by the rapid surge of nanotechnology, and an interesting analysis of the competencies and required profiles of Occupational Safety and Health professionals, necessary to tackle these new challenges. This first volume carefully edited by Dr. Marcela Gerardo Ribeiro is an instigating beginning, setting the floor for the upcoming volumes of this series.

Eduardo Algranti, MD, PhD
Division of Medicine
Fundacentro
Brazil



Preface

This is the first issue of the upcoming series entitled Frontiers of Occupational Health and Safety. The first volume, Changes in the World of Work and Impacts on Occupational Health and Safety, will focus on certain aspects of how the global economic, political, and cultural changes have reshaped the world of work.

The book begins with a discussion on the changes in work organization and their impacts on occupational safety and health. Some of the main aspects of new forms of work organization (NFWO) are presented. Dias and Lima propose that within NFWO there may be some paradoxes that workers are subjected to deal with. As a consequence of the performance control present in management systems of global organizations, as a NFWO, new work pathologies emerge, psychological ones, ordinarily named stress.

As a consequence of the fast technological development within processes and products, new risks emerge in the workplace. In such context, Martins and Dulley present a broad reflection of the impacts of new risks into workers’ universe, using nanotechnology as a backdrop. Nanotechnology encompasses an extraordinary diversity of technological approaches currently under development. This has created a relatively new industry. The goods being produced and introduced into the market are usually innovative and unfamiliar to most consumers. It was identified as an important source of known and unknown risks, and due to the increasing uncertainties posed by these technologies, regarding unique challenges in occupational health and safety, as well as environmental, legal, societal and ethical impacts.

At last, the changes in employment relationship; workforce demographics; workplace environment; and work organization, among others, have profoundly affected not only the working life, but also the structure of Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) professions, and the role of OHS professionals within organizations, workplace, workforce, and society. OHS professionals are and will be a necessary part of doing business worldwide, as researchers, educators, or practitioners. Ribeiro and Ventura seek to point out the concerning needs on OHS professional competencies demanded by such changes. Rather than giving clear and finite answers to such challenging questions, the authors invite reflections on what are at stake regarding OHS professionals training and education, skills and research.

There is much yet to be discussed regarding the frontiers of occupational health and safety. This book gives the reader hints of the complex and broad world of work universe.

Marcela G. Ribeiro, PhD
Fundacentro
São Paulo
Brazil


List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Marcela G. Ribeiro
Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do
Trabalho - FUNDACENTRO
São Paulo
Brazil




Contributor(s):
A. V. C. Dias
Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte
MG
Brazil


R. D. Dulley
Brazilian Research Network in Nanotechnology
Society and Environment Renanosoma
São Paulo
SP
Brazil


F. P. A. Lima
Department of Production Engineering
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte
MG
Brazil


P. R. Martins
Brazilian Research Network in Nanotechnology
Society and Environment Renanosoma
São Paulo
SP
Brazil


M. G. Ribeiro
Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho – Fundacentro
São Paulo
SP
Brazil


F. F. Ventura
Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho – Fundacentro
São Paulo
SP
Brazil




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