Social Responsibility - Range of Perspectives Per Topics and Countries

Book Series: Social Responsibility Beyond Neoliberalism and Charity

Volume 4

by

Matjaž Mulej, Robert G. Dyck

DOI: 10.2174/97816810804061150401
eISBN: 978-1-68108-040-6, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-041-3
ISSN: 2352-3336 (Print)



Recommend this eBook to your Library



Current global economic crises call for social responsibility to replace neo-liberalistic, one-sided and short-term criteria causing m...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i-iii (3)

Danilo Türk

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Preface

- Pp. v

Matjaž Mulej and Robert G. Dyck

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List of Contributors

- Pp. vii

Matjaž Mulej and Robert G. Dyck

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Responsible Corporate Management and Community Involvement

- Pp. 3-32 (30)

Štefka Gorenak

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Social Responsibility and the Rule of Law

- Pp. 33-47 (15)

Breda Mulec

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Well-Being as the Basic Aim of Social Responsibility

- Pp. 49-76 (28)

Simona Šarotar Žižek

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First Responders in Regional Disasters: A Case of Social Responsibility

- Pp. 77-104 (28)

Gerhard Chroust, Günther Ossimitz, Markus Roth, Nadine Sturm and Peter Ziehesberger

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Requisite Holism of Behavior When Facing Complexity of Pandemic Diseases – New Trends in Healthcare Information System (HIS)

- Pp. 105-161 (57)

Teodora Ivanuša, Matjaž Mulej, Iztok Podbregar and Bojan Rosi

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Innovation of Managerial Attributes to Incorporate a More Systemic World-View

- Pp. 163-195 (33)

Matjaž Mulej, Tatiana A. Medvedeva, Vojko Potočan, Zdenka Ženko, Simona Šarotar Žižek, Anita Hrast and Tjaša Štrukelj

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The Economic and Environmental Decline of Atenquique, Mexico, Associated with Socially Irresponsible Corporate Ownership

- Pp. 197-220 (24)

José G. Vargas-Hernández

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Socially Responsible Business in the “BRICS” Economies: The Way to a Sustainable Future

- Pp. 221-240 (20)

Zhanna S. Belyaeva and Alberto G. Canen

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Subject Index

- Pp. 241-242 (2)

Matjaž Mulej and Robert G. Dyck

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Foreword

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

Social transformation is unpredictable. New technologies and modes of production indicate that social innovation is necessary, but they say little about the exact nature of the ensuing social change. The pressures for change often originate from different and unconnected sources and only after the necessary passage of time it may become clear which among them -technological, economic, ideological, political or cultural - has made the critically important contribution and how they eventually gel into a new social reality. Calls for a generalized change of paradigm can be useful as a means of pressure yet they usually do not contribute much in real terms. A careful analysis of praxis is necessary to discern the elements of change and to propose the desired direction.

The present volume tries to do precisely that. It explores a wide array of evolving practices which tend to strengthen social responsibility in various areas of economy and social services with the objective to help developing them into a coherent system of thought on the social responsibility needed today.

The analytical work done by the authors of the chapters in this book has to be considered in a wider context. In addition to the focus on specific aspects of social responsibility the authors express a strong link with some of the most important phenomena of social and economic development in our era.

The first and perhaps the foremost among them is the growing awareness of the need to develop a proper understanding of social responsibility as a vital requirement to overcome the current economic crisis and to open new horizons of development. This need is expressed by a wide variety of social and international actors. The voices of activists of the "Occupy Wall Street" and the "Indignados" on one hand, and the analysts of the World Economic Forum on the other warn about the same problems, although not always in exactly the same language. For example, the World Economic Forum identified, in its global risks report 2013, "a severe and growing income disparity" as one of the two main risks threatening the global economy and international community, the other being environmental degradation. This clear indication of a fundamentally dangerous social problem today calls for serious search of credible responses.

The fact that the World Economic Forum, hardly an organization known for social sensitivity and care for the poor and the excluded, put the problem of dramatic and growing income disparity among the main threats to the world, suggests that the problem has become obvious. However, its extent and corrosive nature have yet to be fully understood. Oxfam, probably one of the most experienced organizations in this field, has recently explained that the existing levels of inequality between the poor and the extremely wealthy have already become economically inefficient, politically corrosive, socially divisive and environmentally destructive. This realization is gaining ground not only among the humanitarians such as Oxfam, but also among the hard-nosed economists.

*Former President of the Republic of Slovenia (2007 - 2012), Former UN Assistant Secretary-General (2000 - 2005).

The above diagnoses are not coming as a surprise. The problem of extreme income disparity is a result of the type of development which has been prevailing over the past three decades. Profit making has been considered not only as the key to economic progress, but also as the only economically relevant form of social responsibility. Social responsibility has for a generation gone out of fashion as a value per se: it was considered, mainly, as a by-product of profit and growth. Globalization, that object of admiration of economic optimists, was welcomed as a tide that will lift all boats. Social progress was expected to come as an automatic consequence of growth. Rarely in recent history has "trickle down theory" enjoyed such an unquestioned support of the dominant economic commentators as well as of policy makers.

The financial and economic crisis in the West which started in 2007 has brought the era of unbridled economic optimism to an end. Economic tasks are increasingly seen in a conjunction with the tasks of social transformation and the question of social responsibility of business and of economic policy makers in general is becoming central in this context.

However, two notes of caution are necessary here. First, the basic function of profit in economic development remains. At present, market economy represents the only viable model of economic development. The question is how to modify its functioning so as to ensure that profit making serves the society and not vice versa. Second, the idea of social responsibility, while unfashionable, has never been entirely absent. Even at the time of the domination of the free market ideology there have been projects which gave specific expression to the idea of social responsibility of business leaders and policy makers.

A good example was set by the "Global Compact" initiated by Kofi Annan, then UN Secretary- General, at the meeting of business leaders in Davos in January 1999. The participants were invited to introduce, on their own volition, good practices in the areas of labour standards, human rights, anti-corruption and environmental protection and engage with the UN for that purpose. Obviously, accepting such an approach means a certain burden on the competitiveness of the companies in the short run. However, it brings dividends over time. It strengthens the sense of social responsibility of the business sector and helps putting global markets on a fairer and more sustainable footing. Since 1999 more than 10.000 businesses and other stakeholders from 145 countries have joined in this initiative and it is hoped that the experience gained will help changing business culture worldwide. The initiative also stimulates creativity with regard to social responsibility of business and helps directing it into the mainstream of business thinking and, hopefully, in the broader public opinion.

The example of the UN Global Compact shows that a general aspiration for higher levels of social responsibility exists. However, the debate still leaves much to be desired. The present book is a contribution to this much needed debate. It reflects the relevant experience from the recent past. It addresses the nature of the current crisis and the key conditions for the needed change: the need for new economic paradigms, the relevance of the rule of law, as well as the various theoretical aspects necessary for addressing the issues of social responsibility comprehensively. Moreover, it delves into the experience of socially responsible management in various areas, including in social services provided by the state. It is particularly valuable that the authors discussed the relevant issues on the basis of specific experience and history of transition from the former socialist self-management model of development to the existing market economies. Nothing was perfect in this history. But good knowledge of the actual experience of transition is a necessary condition for the identification of new solutions.

The analysis offered in this volume provides a good platform for discussion which needs to address the question of social responsibility in a holistic manner: The critique has to include all aspects of transition, while the proposals for the future have to embrace both the business sector and the system of social services provided by the state and by other actors. When the full picture is presented it might become possible to offer convincing answers to the questions raised by the civil society, which is protesting against severe income disparity and demanding social justice today, as well as to propose directions to guide the policy makers in the future.

Danilo Türk
Professor of Interntional Law
University of Ljubljana
Ljubljana, Slovenia
Former President of the Republic of Slovenia
Former Top Official of United Nations Organization



Preface

Editorial introduction to Volume 4: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY - RANGE OF PERSPECTIVES PER TOPICS AND COUNTRIES.

This volume differs from the other three volumes by exposing the differences that tend to show up in consideration of ‘Social responsibility beyond neoliberalism and charity’.

Responsible corporate management and community involvement – Štefka Gorenak: sees the future of economy and society in totally responsible management.

Social responsibility and the rule of law- Breda Mulec: supports this view for necessary future legal measures.

Well-being as the basic aim of social responsibility- Simona Šarotar Žižek: makes readers aware that the basic criterion of success is human well-being rather than profit alone.

First responders in regional disasters: a case of social responsibility- Gerhard Chroust et al.: provide a case of providing well-being and social responsibility in urgencies.

Requisite holism of behavior when facing complexity of pandemic diseases – new trends in Healthcare information system (HIS)- Teodora Ivanuša et al. expand the issue of urgencies to pandemic diseasies and suggest innovation in healthcare information systems.

Innovation of managerial attributes to incorporate a more systemic world-view- Tatiana A. Medvedeva et al.: analyze Russia and Slovenia as latecomers to the contemporary market economy and expose the traditional managerial commanding habits as inhibiting factors to social responsibility in organizations and society.

The economic and environmental decline of Atenquique, Mexico, associated with socially irresponsible corporate ownership- José G. Vargas-Hernández: supports the above findings with a bad case caused by the lack of social responsibility of the influential persons who are rather one-sided than socially responsible.

Socially responsible business in the "BRICS" economies: the way to a sustainable future - Zhanna S. Belyaeva, Alberto G. Canen: expands the cases to expose the economic need for social responsibility in the most rapidly developing economies.

Matjaž Mulej
University of Maribor
Slovenia

&

Robert G. Dyck
Virginia Tech
USA

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Matjaž Mulej
University of Maribor
Slovenia


Robert G. Dyck
Virginia Tech
USA




Contributor(s):
Belyaeva Zhanna S.
Ural Federal University, School of Economics and Management
International Business Department
Mira Str., 19, i-419
620019 Yekaterinburg
Russia


Canen Alberto G.
COPPE/Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Department of Production Engineering
Caixa Postal 68507
21941-972 Rio de Janeiro
RJ
Brazil


Chroust Gerhard
J. Kepler University
Linz
Austria


Gorenak Štefka
Faculty of Commercial and Business Sciences
Celje
Slovenia


Hrast Anita
IRDO Institute for Development of Social Responsibility
Maribor
Slovenia


Ivanuša Teodora
Faculty of Safety Sciences
University of Maribor
Kotnikova 10
Ljubljana


Medvedeva Tatiana A.
Department of World Economy and Law
Siberian State University of Transport
Novosibirsk
Russia


Mulec Breda
Faculty of State and European Studies, Kranj
and Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Slovenes Abroad
Slovenia


Ossimitz Günther
passed away



Podbregar Iztok
Faculty of Safety Sciences
University of Maribor
Kotnikova 10
Ljubljana


Potočan Vojko
University of Maribor
Faculty of Economics and Business



Rosi Bojan
Faculty of Logistics
University of Maribor
Mariborska
7, 3000 Celje
Slovenia


Roth Markus
Creative Bits
Traun
Austria


Šarotar Žižek Simona
University of Maribor
Faculty of Economics and Business
SI-2000 Maribor
Slovenia


Štrukelj Tjaša
University of Maribor
Faculty of Economics and Business
SI-2000 Maribor
Slovenia


Sturm Nadine
Research Institute of the Red Cross Austria
Wien
Austria


Vargas-Hernández José G.
Marketing and International Business Department University Center for Economic and Managerial Sciences
Universidad de Guadalajara Periférico
Norte 799 Edificio G-306 Zapopan
Jalisco C.P. 45100
México


Ženko Zdenka
University of Maribor
Faculty of Economics and Business
Maribor
Slovenia


Ziehesberger Peter
Ziehesberger Elektronik
Neuhofen/Krems
Austria




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