Flagellar Mechanics and Sperm Guidance


by

Jacky J. Cosson

DOI: 10.2174/97816810812811150101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-128-1, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-129-8



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Experimental research using spermatozoa, a highly specialized cell with organelles involved in gene transfer, energy supply and ce...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Masaaki Morisawa

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Acknowledgements

- Pp. ii

Jacky J. Cosson

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Dedication

- Pp. iii

Jacky J. Cosson

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iv-v (2)

Jacky J. Cosson

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About the Authors

- Pp. vi-xvii (12)

Jacky J. Cosson

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The Flagellar Mechanics of Spermatozoa and its Regulation

- Pp. 3-134 (132)

Jacky J. Cosson, Galina Prokopchuk and Kazuo Inaba

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Sea Urchin Sperm Chemotaxis

- Pp. 135-182 (48)

Christopher Wood, Adan Guerrero, Daniel Alejandro Priego-Espinosa, Gustavo Martĭnez-Mekler, Jorge Carneiro and Alberto Darszon

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Sperm Chemotaxis in Urochordates

- Pp. 183-207 (25)

Manabu Yoshida and Kazuo Inaba

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Sperm Motility Initiation in Pacific Herring

- Pp. 208-224 (17)

Gary Cherr, Carol A. Vines, Edmund H. Smith, Murali Pillai, Frederick Griffin and Ryuzo Yanagimachi

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Sperm Guidance in Other Animals and Phylla (Such as Other Fish, Jelly-Fish, or Amphibian)

- Pp. 225-264 (40)

Jacky J. Cosson

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Mammalian Sperm Guidance — An Overview

- Pp. 265-271 (7)

Michael Eisenbach

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Sperm Chemotaxis in Mammals

- Pp. 272-307 (36)

Laura C. Giojalas, Héctor A. Guidobaldi and Raúl Sánchez

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Mammalian Sperm Behavior During Thermotaxis

- Pp. 308-314 (7)

Sergii Boryshpolets, Serafín Pérez-Cerezales and Michael Eisenbach

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Modelling Spermatozoan Swimming: Its Capabilities and Limitations for Contributing to the Understanding of Sperm Guidance

- Pp. 315-348 (34)

Kenta Ishimoto and Eamonn A. Gaffney

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Sperm Guidance: Comparison with Motility Regulation in Bikont Species

- Pp. 349-389 (41)

Kazuo Inaba, Osamu Kutomi, Kogiku Shiba and Jacky Cosson

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Sperm Guidance: Chemotactic Features Common to Sperm in Various Species

- Pp. 390-419 (30)

Jacky J. Cosson

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Conclusions on Sperm Guidance Features

- Pp. 420-423 (4)

Jacky J. Cosson and Laura C. Giojalas

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Appendix

- Pp. 424-428 (5)

Jacky J. Cosson

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Subject Index

- Pp. 429-432 (4)

Jacky J. Cosson

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Foreword

Experimental research using spermatozoa, a highly specialized cell with cell organelles involved in transfer of genetic information, energy supply and motility, has always occupied the forefront of studies in cell biology, as well as reproductive biology. Among trend variety of research carried out on sperm cells, attraction of sperm toward the female gamete, so-called sperm chemotaxis or sperm guidance, which ubiquitously occurs in reproductive system of many animals and plants, plays an important role in fertilization success. Sperm chemotaxis in plant and animal species was discovered in the late part of 19th century and in the middle of 20th century, respectively, and thereafter, detailed fundamental mechanisms of the sperm behavior were developed. Application of research in sperm science to the medical and agricultural fields has become very important in more recent years. Structure of molecules relevant to sperm chemotaxis has been recently determined in several species of invertebrates and vertebrates, further remarkable progress for understanding events relevant to reproductive system. Reflecting these trends in the long history concerning sperm chemotaxis, the chapters of the book "Flagellar Mechanics, its Contribution to Sperm Guidance", result from an assembly of the world-leading scientists in the field, who focused on sperm chemotaxis toward female gamete with chemical cue in protists, marine invertebrates and vertebrates including mammals. Topics relevant to sperm behavior complementary to chemotaxis such as initiation and activation of sperm motility at spawning, sperm thermotaxis, mathematical modeling for micro-swimming, etc. are also included in the book. Basic knowledge presented in this book will be of great help to stimulate the interest of research in a broad variety of readers.

Masaaki Morisawa
The University of Tokyo,
Japan

DEDICATION

This book is dedicated to the memory of the late Marie-Paule COSSON, who passed away in 1991 after many years of studies on flagella motility and sperm chemotaxis.

Acknowledgement

Some of the studies presented were financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic - projects “CENAKVA” (No. CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0024), “CENAKVA II” (No. LO1205 under the NPU I program) and COST (No. LD14119 AF1205 AQUAGAMETES), by the Grant Agency of the University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice (No. 114/2013/Z), and by the Czech Science Foundation (No. P502/15-12034S and GACR P502/12/1973). The Editor acknowledges the extensive assistance of Monique Cosson during the redaction and assembly of this book.

Book Cover: "Encuentro", pastel, 2006, by Laura C. Giojalas


List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Jacky J. Cosson




Contributor(s):
Sergii Boryshpolets
Department of Biological Chemistry
The Weizmann Institute of Science
Israel


Gary Cherr
Departments of Environmental Toxicology and Nutrition
University of California Davis, AP-HP
Davis
CA
USA


Jacky J. Cosson
Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses CENAKVA
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, 38925
Vodnany
Czech Republic


Alberto Darszon
Departamento de Genética del Desarrollo y Fisiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología (IBT)
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Cuernavaca
Morelos
México


Michael Eisenbach
Department of Biological Chemistry
The Weizmann Institute of Science
Rehovot
Israel


Eamonn A Gaffney
Wolfson Centre for Mathematical Biology, Mathematical Institute
University of Oxford
Oxford
OX2 6GG
UK


Laura C. Giojalas
Centro de Biología Celular y Molecular (UNC) e Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas y
Tecnológicas (UNC - CONICET)
Córdoba
Argentina


Frederick Griffin
Bodega Marine Laboratory
University of California Davis
USA


Adan Guerrero
Departamento de Genética del Desarrollo y Fisiología Molecular
Instituto de Biotecnología (IBT);Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Cuernavaca
Morelos
México


Héctor A. Guidobaldi
Centro de Biología Celular y Molecular (UNC) e Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas y
Tecnológicas (UNC - CONICET)
Córdoba
Argentina


Kazuo Inaba
Shimoda Marine Research Center
University of Tsukuba, 5-10-1 Shimoda
Shizuoka 415-0025
Japan


Kenta Ishimoto
The Hakubi Center for Advanced Research
Kyoto University
Kyoto, 606-8501
Japan


Osamu Kutomi
Shimoda Marine Research Center, University of Tsukuba
Shimoda, 415-0025
Japan


Gustavo Martínez-Mekler
Instituto de Ciencias Físicas
UNAM3, Cuernavaca
Morelos
México


Serafín Pérez-Cerezales
Department of Biological Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, 7610001
Rehovot
Israel


Murali Pillai
Department of Biology
Sonoma State University
Rohnert Park
CA
USA


Daniel Alejandro Priego-Espinosa
Instituto de Ciencias Físicas
UNAM3, Cuernavaca
Morelos
México


Galina Prokopchuk
Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses CENAKVA
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, 38925
Vodnany
Czech Republic


Raúl Sánchez
Facultad de Medicina
Universidad de La Frontera
Temuco
Chile


Kogiku Shiba
Shimoda Marine Research Center
University of Tsukuba
Shimoda, 415-0025
Japan


Edmund H. Smith
Bodega Marine Laboratory
University of California Davis
USA


Carol A. Vines
Bodega Marine Laboratory
University of California Davis
USA


Christopher Wood
Departamento de Genética del Desarrollo y Fisiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología (IBT)
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Cuernavaca
Morelos
México


Ryuzo Yanagimachi
Institute for Biogenesis Research
University of Hawaii Medical School
Honolulu
Hawaii
USA


Manabu Yoshida
Misaki Marine Biological Station, School of Science, and Center for Marine Biology
University of Tokyo
Miura
Kanagawa, 238-0225
Japan




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