Phytotherapy in the Management of Diabetes and Hypertension

Volume 2

by

Mohamed Eddouks

DOI: 10.2174/97816810816181160201
eISBN: 978-1-68108-161-8, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-162-5
ISSN: 2452-3224 (Print)
ISSN: 2452-3232 (Online)



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Phytotherapy has the potential to give patients long term benefits with less or no side effects. This is the second volume of the seri...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

About the Editor

- Pp. i

Mohamed Eddouks

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Foreword

- Pp. ii

William C.S. Cho

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Preface

- Pp. iii

Mohamed Eddouks

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Contributors

- Pp. iv-v (2)

Mohamed Eddouks

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Herbal Pharmacotherapy of Hypertension

- Pp. 3-71 (69)

Adejuwon A. Adeneye

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Combating Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Oxidative Stress with Indigenous Medicinal Plants

- Pp. 72-91 (20)

Abhijit Mitra, Anupam Das Talukdar, Manabendra Dutta Choudhury, Deepa Nath and Sanjoy Singh Ningthoujam

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New Approaches for the Treatment of Diabetes and Hypertension Using Herbal Medicines: An Overview

- Pp. 92-120 (29)

Subburayan Karthikeyan and Md. Shahidul Islam

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Traditional Chinese Medicines for the Treatment of Diabetes and Hypertension

- Pp. 121-137 (17)

Xiwei Ji, Xin Jin and William C. Cho

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Anti-Diabetic Effects of Plants Belonging to the Genus Senna: Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action and Phytochemistry

- Pp. 138-153 (16)

Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim and Md. Shahidul Islam

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Therapeutic Role of Curcumin in the Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes and Hypertension

- Pp. 154-174 (21)

Adeeb Shehzad, Salman Ul Islam and Young Sup Lee

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Silymarin and Its Impact on Diabetes

- Pp. 175-193 (19)

Hassan Malekinejad and Aysa Rezabakhsh

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Monograph on Carum carvi L.

- Pp. 194-203 (10)

Abderrahmane Moufid, Omar Farid, Morad Hebi and Mohamed Eddouks

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Monograph on Premna serratifolia Linn.

- Pp. 204-212 (9)

Smitha Rani, T.N.K. Suriyaprakash and S. Lakshmana Prabu

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Monograph on Eugenia jambolana. Lam.

- Pp. 213-234 (22)

E. Sanmuga Priya, P. Senthamil Selvan and Syed Arshad Aakhil Anwar

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Monograph on Coccinia indica Wight and Arn

- Pp. 235-257 (23)

P. Senthamil Selvan, E. Sanmuga Priya and T. Dhanam

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Subject Index

- Pp. 258-264 (7)

Mohamed Eddouks

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Foreword

Diabetes and hypertension are two of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the world. According to the 2012 World Health Organization’s statistics report, one in three adults worldwide has raised blood pressure while one in ten adults have diabetes. Prof. Mohamed Eddouks has crafted a book entitled “Phytotherapy in the Management of Diabetes and Hypertension”, bringing out a timely volume with contributors from several continents. Following the success of Volume 1, various aspects of these two prevalent diseases are discussed in the second volume.

A number of topics are covered in 11 chapters, including a comprehensive overview on the herbal pharmacotherapy of hypertension, an overview on the new approaches for the treatment of diabetes and hypertension using herbal medicines; combating diabetes with indigenous medicinal plants. In addition to the overviews, there are nine chapters focusing on specific herbs and plants for the prevention and treatment of these chronic diseases, including some Chinese medicines, curcumin, silymarin, caraway (Carum carvi L.), Premna serratifolia Linn. (Arani), Eugenia jambolana. Lam., Coccinia indica Wight and plants belonging to the genus Senna.

With the advance in technologies, more in-depth understanding on the pathogenesis of the diseases and more robust investigations on phytomedicine, I envision that phytotherapy will play an important role in the management of diabetes and hypertension. This book would be a treasure for the field; it gathers traditional wisdoms, contemporary experimental studies and clinical trials for quite a number of promising phytomedicines for the prevention and treatment of these prevalent chronic diseases.

This is an e-book published by Bentham Science Publishers, which is different from the traditional concept of hard or soft cover book. This approach will make the book more easily accessible to a wider section of readers. It is a great pleasure on my part to pen a foreword for this nice, multiauthored, international publication on a topic very close to my heart. I profoundly wish the editor a great success and will look forward to see more Volumes culminating from this beginning. I also extend my sincere thanks to all the contributors for their excellent efforts in making this book a good reference for the readers.

William C.S. Cho
Department of Clinical Oncology,
Queen Elizabeth Hospital,
Hong Kong
Southern Medical University
Nanjing Medical University
Ningxia University
Ningxia Medical University
China


Preface

The book “Phytotherapy in the Management of Diabetes and Hypertension, Volume 1”, co-edited by Prof Mohamed EDDOUKS & Prof Deprasad CHATTOPADHYAY and published by Bentham Science Publishers (2013) has been considered as a good addition in the existing knowledge of hyperglycemia and diabetes as well as their management. The volume 1 of this book series has emphasized the basic Biochemistry for diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and described every aspect of these lifestyle diseases and its control or remediation through a cost effective, safe, easygoing, easy-adaptable method through the age-old practice validated by scientific research. The volume 1 has been successfully indexed in Scopus database. In response to requests from WHO in providing safe and effective herbal medicines for use in national health-care systems and to prepare monographs of used medicinal plants around the world, the present volume 2 of this ebook series contain monographs related to antihypertensive and antidiabetic plants. Each monograph of antihypertensive and antidiabetic plants contains actualized scientific information about the pharmacopoeial data for quality assurance: botanical features, distribution, identity tests, purity requirements, chemical assays, active or major chemical constituents, clinical applications, pharmacology, contraindications, warnings, precautions, potential adverse reactions, and posology dealing with various aspects of diabetes and hypertension. Especially, the mechanisms of action involved in the antidiabetic and antihypertensive effects, the active phytochemicals and the clinical trials performed for these medicinal plants are deeply discussed. As the phytotherapy can give long term benefit with less or no side effect, hence this e-Book series can be treated as authenticated alternative or complementary therapeutic compendium to the physicians and patients. This volume includes 11 chapters showing at the first section the background related to the pathophysiology as well as treatment of diabetes and hypertension, while the second section shows the role of phytotherapy in the management of diabetes and hypertension. Especially, monographs on some important antidiabetic and antihypertensive plants are presented. This book series will be useful to the students, teachers, researchers, naturopathist, scientists, clinicians and even the common people interested to know about the subject. I would like to express my great appreciation to the contributors, Dr D. Chattopadhyay for his contribution to the first volume of this book series, Prof V. De Feo for supporting the publication of this volume, Prof W. Cho for his nice foreword and Bentham Science Publishers for giving me the opportunity to publish this book series in my favourite field of interest.

ACKNOWLEDEGMENTS AND GRANTS

The Editor would like to express his thanks to the contributors and the CNRST, Morocco. This work was supported by the CNRST under grant N° PPR/2015/35.

Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University
Errachidia, Morocco

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques
Moualy Ismail University
Morocco




Contributor(s):
Abderrahmane Moufid
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University
BP. 21, Errachidia
Morocco


Abhijit Mitra
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics
Assam University
Silchar
Assam
India


Adeeb Shehzad
School of Life Sciences, BK21 Plus KNU Creative BioResearch Group
Daegu, 702-701l
Korea
/
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
1-5 Oba Akinjobi Way, G.R.A., Ikeja 100001
Lagos State
Nigeria


Adejuwon A. Adeneye
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
1-5 Oba Akinjobi Way, G.R.A., Ikeja 100001
Lagos State
Nigeria


Anupam Das Talukdar
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics
Assam University
Silchar
Assam
India


Aysa Rezabakhsh
Department of Pharmacology and toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Medical sciences
Tabriz
Iran


Deepa Nath
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics
Assam University
Silchar
Assam
India
/
Department of Botany and Biotechnology
Karimganj College
Karimganj
Assam
India


E. Sanmuga Priya
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Anna University BIT Campus
Tiruchirapalli-620 024
Tamilnadu
India


Hassan Malekinejad
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Urmia University
Iran
/
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy
Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Urmia
Iran.


Manabendra Dutta Choudhury
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics
Assam University
Silchar
Assam
India


Md. Shahidul Islam
Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus
Durban, 4000
South Africa


Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University
BP. 21, Errachidia
Morocco


Mohammed Auwal Ibrahim
Department of Biochemistry
Ahmadu Bello University
Zaria
Nigeria
/
Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences
University of KwaZulu-Natal (Westville campus)
Durban, 4000
South Africa


Morad Hebi
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University
BP. 21, Errachidia
Morocco


Omar Farid
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University
BP. 21, Errachidia
Morocco


P. Senthamil Selvan
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Anna University BIT Campus
Tiruchirapalli-620 024
Tamilnadu
India


S. Lakshmana Prabu
Dept. of Pharm. Technology
Bharathidasan Institute of Technology, Anna University
Tiruchirappalli, 620 024
India


Salman Ul Islam
School of Life Sciences, BK21 Plus KNU Creative BioResearch Group
Daegu, 702-701l
Korea


Sanjoy Singh Ningthoujam
Department of Botany
Ghanapriya Women’s College
Manipur
India
/
Ethnobotany and Medicinal Plant Research Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics
Assam University
Silchar
Assam
India


Smitha Rani
Dept of Pharmaceutics
Al Shifa College of Pharmacy
Perintalmanna
Kerala, 679 322
India


Subburayan Karthikeyan
Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus
Durban, 4000
South Africa


Syed Arshad Aakhil Anwar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Anna University BIT Campus
Tiruchirapalli-620 024
Tamilnadu
India


T. Dhanam
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Anna University BIT Campus
Tiruchirapalli-620 024
Tamilnadu
India


T.N.K. Suriyaprakash
Dept of Pharmaceutics
Al Shifa College of Pharmacy
Perintalmanna
Kerala, 679 322
India


William C. Cho
Department of Clinical Oncology
Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Hong Kong


Xin Jin
School of Pharmacy
China Medical University
Shenyang
China


Xiwei Ji
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology Peking University
Peking University First Hospital
Beijing
China


Young Sup Lee
School of Life Sciences, BK21 Plus KNU Creative BioResearch Group
Daegu, 702-701l
Korea




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