Stem Cell Therapy for Brain Injury in Neonates
- Pp. 68-101 (34)Marisa J. Pacella, Martha Douglas-Escobar, Tong Zheng and Michael D. Weiss
Neonatal brain injury encompasses hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), perinatal stroke, and white matter injury. The estimated incidence of HIE in developed countries is 1.5 in 1,000 live births. Hypothermia therapy improves neurodevelopmental outcomes in only 53% of treated HIE patients. Perinatal stroke occurs in 1 per 1,600 births and is a major cause of cerebral palsy and developmental impairments. Periventricular white matter injury affects 50% of premature neonates and accounts for 90% of neurologic deficits in survivors.
Stem cell therapy has emerged as a potential treatment for neonatal brain injury. This review will present the state of the art for stem cell therapy in neonatal brain injury.