An Account of Thermodynamic Entropy


by

Alberto Gianinetti

DOI: 10.2174/97816810839331170101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-393-3, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-68108-394-0



Indexed in: EBSCO.

The second law of thermodynamics is an example of the fundamental laws that govern our universe and is relevant to every branch of sci...[view complete introduction]

The Probabilistic Driver and the Role of Restraints

- Pp. 97-101 (5)

Alberto Gianinetti

Abstract

The probabilistic distributions of matter and energy give the direction toward which processes spontaneously tend to go. However, every existing process is presently in force because of some kinetic barrier or restraint that operated in the past: were it not for kinetic restraints (and constraints that were eventually removed by past processes), all the ongoing processes, and their causal antecedents, had already occurred billions of years ago. The role of constraints and restraints is therefore fundamental to establish the actual direction a real process can take, as well as its velocity.

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