Flow Quantification: 1D to 4D
- Pp. 84-106 (23)Christopher J. Francois
Flow quantification with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is an established method for assessing patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases, particularly valvular heart disease and congenital heart disease. This chapter reviews basic MR physics and clinical applications for flow quantification, from one-directional flowsensitive MR to time-resolved, three-directional flow-sensitive MR.