Simple Solutions in Chemistry – Counting Moles


by

Nigel Freestone

DOI: 10.2174/97816810810071160101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-100-7, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-101-4



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Indexed in: EBSCO.

Students studying chemistry often struggle with the mole. Counting Moles provides an effective aid to learning by giving clear and con...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i-ii (2)

Ian Williams

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Preface

- Pp. iii-iv (2)

Nigel P. Freestone

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Relative Atomic & Formula Mass, Percentage Composition, Empirical & Molecular Formulae

- Pp. 3-45 (43)

Nigel P. Freestone

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The Mole

- Pp. 46-60 (15)

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Moles & Balanced Chemical Equations

- Pp. 61-87 (27)

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Molarity & Concentration

- Pp. 88-112 (25)

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Volumetric Analysis

- Pp. 113-137 (25)

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Molar Volumes & Reacting Volumes

- Pp. 138-169 (32)

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Mole Driving Test No. I

- Pp. 170-172 (3)

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Mole Driving Test No. II

- Pp. 173-175 (3)

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Mole Driving Test No. III

- Pp. 176-178 (3)

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Mole Driving Test Answers

- Pp. 179-207 (29)

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Periodic Table

- Pp. 208

Nigel P. Freestone

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License

- Pp. 209

Nigel P. Freestone

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Subject Index

- Pp. 210

Nigel P. Freestone

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Foreword

When people I meet ask me what I do and I mention that I trained as a chemist, they usually wince. This is often followed by a comment such as, “there’s too much maths in chemistry”; “learning chemistry is like learning a foreign language”; “there’s a lot to learn.” People very rarely say, “I wish I’d learned more chemistry at school” or “chemistry is so interesting.” This is hugely frustrating for me as chemistry is everywhere – everything we see, touch, taste, smell and even hear involves chemicals and chemistry. I think it is a brilliant, fascinating, complex and simple subject that shapes and changes our world for the better.

However, having taught various aspects of (mainly environmental) chemistry from primary school to PhD levels for more than a quarter of a century, I’m very aware that chemistry can be viewed as difficult, theoretical and even irrelevant to people’s everyday lives. This is a terrible shame and may have unforeseen adverse consequences. The world is facing a large number of global challenges that include anthropogenic climate change, sustainable development, the need for adequate supplies of clean water and other key resources such as metals, growing energy demands, concerns about food supply and quality, and the impacts on nutrition and health. Chemistry can make a significant contribution to helping us to mitigate or solve these challenges – but for that to happen, we need more chemists.

I know from talking to colleagues in industry, business and academia that there is a potential shortage of human resources in key scientific professions. There have been numerous pleas for the rejuvenation of science teaching and initiatives to increase the interest and attainment of students in science and mathematics. Basic scientific skills such as communication, classification, measurement, observation, inference and prediction contribute to a larger purpose - problem solving. These skills allow scientists to conduct systematic, objective investigations and to reach conclusions based on the results. Such skills are vital in chemistry. We need young people who are mathematically and scientifically literate and who engage with scientific problems in an orderly, “can-do” fashion. We cannot allow a shortfall in these skills to emerge simply through neglect or fatalism or worse – because subjects such as chemistry are “hard, “dangerous”, “geeky”, “too mathematical” or require “too much work”.

Therefore I’m delighted to welcome Nigel Freestone’s refreshing book “Counting Moles” to the stable of chemistry textbooks. Nigel has a wealth of experience in delivering chemical concepts to young people in an engaging and inspiring fashion. This book is designed to provide multiple opportunities for students to develop a firm understanding of chemical concepts that underpin the whole subject. Students will be able to use the multiple worked examples and calculating frame to hone their skills and become more confident in fundamental problem-solving activities, culminating in the award of a Counting Moles Driving Licence that confirms their achievement. I’m sure Nigel’s book will make a significant contribution to addressing the chemistry skills shortage and to ensuring that this wonderful subject continues to make its distinct contribution to solving the world’s challenges.

Ian Williams, University of Southampton, June 2015.


Preface

Students studying chemistry often struggle with the MOLE. This user-friendly self-teach package provides an effective aid to learning by giving clear and confident presentation of the essentials of the mole needed by those starting chemistry courses. This self teach package contains over 200 questions, with detailed solutions, so if you get stuck, you can see where you went wrong.

After successfully completing Counting Moles, you will be able to:

  • understand what is meant by the terms relative atomic mass and relative formula mass
  • calculate average atomic mass from isotope abundance;
  • define of the chemical term, the ‘mole’;
  • calculate the molar mass of a substance from its chemical formula;
  • calculate percentage composition;
  • interconvert between mass, number of molecules, and moles;
  • calculate the amount (mass or moles) of product expected to be formed in a chemical reaction, given the amounts of reactants used;
  • calculate the amount (mass or moles) of reactants which need to be used in a chemical reaction in order to produce a specified amount of product;
  • define the term concentration, and calculate the molarity of solutions from volumetric analysis and other data;
  • determine the mass and/or volume of gases consumed or formed in a chemical reaction.


Counting Moles is split into SIX (6) Chapter. Each Chapter should be thought of as a separate lesson that should take between 15 and 45 minutes to complete. It is ESSENTIAL that you answer each question. The Counting Moles approach to learning is based on understanding developed through repetition and introduces the ‘mole calculating frame’ to help you solve problems. Answers to ALL questions, with full explanations are provided, should you get into difficulty.

The Chapters prepare you for the Counting Moles Driving Test. If you PASS, you can throw you M-plate away and claim your Counting Moles Driving Licence. You will then be able to answer moles-based coursework and examination questions correctly and with confidence.

Acknowledgement

None

Conflict of Interest

The author confirms that this book contents have no conflict of interest.

List of Contributors

Author(s):
Nigel Freestone




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