FUTURE TRENDS FOR TOP MATERIALS


by

Mário J. F. Calvete

DOI: 10.2174/97816810812431160101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-124-3, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-125-0



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Indexed in: EBSCO.

This reference focuses on defined types of compounds which are of interest to readers who are motivated to explore basic information a...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Hugh D. Burrows

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Preface

- Pp. ii-iii (2)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Biography

- Pp. iv

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Phthalocyanines as Top Materials

- Pp. 3-77 (75)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Polymethines as Top Materials

- Pp. 78-112 (35)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Porphyrins as Top Materials

- Pp. 113-211 (99)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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BODIPY Dyes as Top Materials

- Pp. 212-244 (33)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Dendrimers as Top Materials

- Pp. 245-290 (46)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Carbon Allotropes as Top Materials

- Pp. 291-401 (111)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Organic Frameworks as Top Materials

- Pp. 402-443 (42)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Nanoparticles as Top Materials

- Pp. 444-537 (94)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Future Prospects

- Pp. 538-559 (22)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Subject Index

- Pp. 560-561 (2)

Mário J. F. Calvete

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Foreword

Chemistry is central to science, engineering and medicine, and has been at the forefront of the development of advanced materials for applications ranging from personal electronics, lighting and displays, solar energy conversion, energy storage, through environmental remediation, to clinical diagnosis, and advanced therapies for the treatment of cancer.

In this book, Future Trends for Top Materials, my colleague Mário J. F. Calvete presents an extensive review of the chemistry of some of the most important materials for these applications. These include the pyrrole-based systems phthalocyanines, porphyrins, porphyrinoids, boron dipyrromethene (bodipy) dyes, together with polymethine (cyanine) systems, and the carbon allotropes of fullerenes, carbon nanotubes and graphene. Further, from our understanding of mechanisms, stereochemistry and chemical bonding, it is now possible to design molecular architecture with specific materials functions. Dendrimers, metal-organic and covalent- organic frameworks are discussed within this perspective. The author also considers relevant aspects of metal and semiconductor based nanoparticles, including superparamagnetic systems and quantum dots. In the final chapter, he summarizes possible achievements based on relevancy of the most important materials.

All of the systems discussed are treated in terms of their synthesis and functionalization, before discussing their most important applications (real and potential). Examples are given in catalysis, photovoltaics, sensing, imaging, nonlinear optics, optoelectronics, biomedicine… This book provides both a good starting point for those entering the field, and a presentation of the state-of-the-art in for more experienced researchers.

The author is to be commended for both the breadth and depth of the work described, and for the extensive bibliography. This can form the basis for a course in advanced materials chemistry, but also acts as an excellent entry for those starting research in this area.

The author, Mário Calvete, has extensive experience in many of the topics discussed, and is to be commended for this excellent publication.

Hugh D. Burrows
Chemistry Department
University of Coimbra,
Portugal


Preface

The idea behind this book arose from a necessity typical from Organic Chemists. Exploration

of search engines in diverse topics usually leads to isolated results on each certain thematic issue. Hence, a directed and simple approach seemed necessary. After a careful compilation, discussion of synthetic methodology, historical perspective and relevance is provided for each of the families of compounds here described. The most representative and notable examples are mentioned/scrutinized at historical level, either regarding synthetic aspects or applications (which can be across any field, from medical, biological or materials applications, among others).

This contribution focuses on defined compounds (or types of compounds) which are sure candidates to occupy a prominent place in synthesis (and in diverse applications) in the forthcoming years, for a large number of readers, who by any motivation want to explore new compounds for any given application. In this book, general and established synthetic methodologies for several compounds are also given, in an attempted way to provide straightforward approaches for researchers who intend to start new topics, as a hands on reference guide for scientists working in the fields of chemistry, physics, biology, biomedicine, materials science, polymer science, nanotechnology or supramolecular science.

This eBook is divided in 9 chapters, in following order: phthalocyanines, polymethines, porphyrins, BODIPYs, dendrimers, carbon allotropes, organic frameworks, nanoparticles and future prospects. Each chapter covers detailed synthetic aspects of the most established preparation routes for each type of compounds, while giving a historical perspective, with selected information on actual and outstanding applications of each material, unraveling what likely might be the future for each one. I would like to refer to the last chapter, which deals with the synthesis and functionalization of several types of inorganic nanoparticles, but emphasizing the organic functionalization of such inorganic materials.

Bottom-line, it is intended to provide a clear concept on each section as a “since when/how/why/what’s next” overall idea, targeted for researchers either from industries or universities, who by any motivation want to explore new compounds for any given application, providing general and established synthetic approaches, or to readers who would like to know more in a concise manner, without spending unnecessary efforts on isolated thematic search through available search engines.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The author confirms that this eBook content has no conflict of interest.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Declared none.

Mário J. F. Calvete
Department of Chemistry
University of Coimbra
Coimbra, Portugal
Email: mcalvete@qui.uc.pt

List of Contributors

Author(s):
Mário J. F. Calvete
Department of Chemistry
University of Coimbra
Coimbra
Portugal




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