Nanomaterials and their Fascinating Attributes

Book Series: Development and Prospective Applications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Volume 1

by

Sher Bahadar Khan

DOI: 10.2174/97816810817791160101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-177-9, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-178-6
ISSN: 2452-4077 (Print)



Recommend this eBook to your Library

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has brought about new applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and su...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i-ii (2)

Thomas J. Webster

Download Free

Preface

- Pp. iii

Sher Bahadar Khan, Abdullah M. Asiri and Kalsoom Akhtar

Download Free

List of Contributors

- Pp. v

Sher Bahadar Khan, Abdullah M. Asiri and Kalsoom Akhtar

Download Free

Wonders of Nanotechnology

- Pp. 3-49 (47)

Kishwar Khan and Sarish Rehman

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites in Next Generation Smart Structures

- Pp. 51-90 (40)

Zaffar Mohammad Khan and Muhammad Rizwan Saleem

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Applications of Nano Materials, Organic Semiconductor Complexes and Composites Based Devices

- Pp. 91-156 (66)

Kh. S. Karimov and Muhammad Abid

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Nanocomposites and Importance of Nanofiller in Nanocomposites

- Pp. 157-179 (23)

Sher Bahadar Khan, Kalsoom Akhtar and Abdullah M. Asiri

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Solvothermal/Hydrothermal Synthetic Methods for Nanomaterials

- Pp. 181-238 (58)

Shahida B. Niazi

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

DFT Study of II-VI Semiconducting Nano-Clusters: An Overview

- Pp. 239-254 (16)

Abdul Majid

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Subject Index

- Pp. 255-262 (8)

Sher Bahadar Khan, Abdullah M. Asiri and Kalsoom Akhtar

Download Free

Foreword

The field of nanotechnology has emerged just a decade ago, scientists and pundits were questioning if nanotechnology would ever lead to the development of “real” products with “real” value to consumers. Was nanotechnology just another scientist’s dream that would not provide any practical value to society?



Today, not only one ecan buy tennis rackets, bicycles, clothes, and band-aids that incorporate nanomaterials, but it is clear that such products provide greater value to the general public than their respective conventional products. Nanotechnology is no longer just a marketing ploy or a fancy advertisement scheme used by Apple. Gone also are the days of naysayers wondering how nanotechnology is different than the fundamental sciences of chemistry, physics, and biology. What continues to separate nanotechnology from the study of fundamental atomic and molecular interactions that a traditional researcher in those fields may accomplish is an emphasis on new properties of materials gained when controlling structures at the nanoscale - the atomic and molecular level. It is this continual emphasis on the control of structures at the nanometer level that has led to significantly changed properties and products that are advancing numerous fields. This is what separates nanotechnology from other traditional science fields (such as chemistry, physics, and biology).



What also continues to provide a bright future for nanotechnology is the selection of difficult contemporary problems that only nanotechnology (it appears) is providing solutions for. This book will highlight some of these persistent contemporary problems in which nanotechnology is finding solutions, such as building novel sensors, alternative energy sources, and improved semiconductors. This book eloquently defines current problems we have with limited sources of carbon-based energy and provides nanotechnology solutions to develop novel solar cells, among other solutions. It also provides solutions unimaginable without nanomaterials to build more precise sensors to detect levels of contaminants previously not possible. New routes of nanoparticle synthesis are also covered in this book to ensure the safe fabrication of high purity, inexpensive nanomaterials – issues critical for the continued commercial success of nanotechnology. Issues of toxicity are also discussed providing valuable insights into how we should choose nanoparticles with low toxicity for particular energy, sensor, or semi-conductor applications.



In closing, though, as we advance into the next generation of nanotechnology research we should not forget the past. It has been our emphasis of nanoscale events which has led us to where we are today. For example, the theory of atomic matter was suggested as early as 370 BC by the Greek philosopher Democratis; this could certainly be our first indication of the desire to understand nanoscale events to create materials with tailorable properties. Since then many scientists have followed this train of thought, and, of course, in 1959 Richard Feynman predicted the possibility of maneuvering matter atom by atom.



It has been our continual emphasis on creating materials with unique properties and the selection of the world’s most pressing problems that has allowed nanotechnology to continue to grow. We must not forget this and continue to address our most significant scientific problems. We must look at our materials and determine ways to improve their properties by understanding and controlling nanoscale assembly. The book reminds us all of the problems that we have today in energy, sensors, semi-conductors and many other applications and how nanotechnology is one of the few fields providing any type of answers. Enjoy reading this book and let the discoveries continue……

J. Paul Santerre
Faculty of Dentistry
University of Toronto
Edward St, Room 464D
Toronto
Ontario, M5G 1G6
Canada
E-mail: paul.santerre@utoronto.ca


Preface

Nano represent very small thing which has diverse applications and high potency that guiding to industrial and technological development.



Materials of nano size show remarkable physical and chemical properties due to several factors including the rise in surface area compared to volume which takes place as particles get smaller.



Nanotechnology finds its applications in many areas such as novel foodstuffs, medical equipments, chemical coatings, human health testing kits, security system’s sensor, water purification items for manned space craft, displays for hand-held computer games, and cinema screens. Nanotechnology is likely to impart an impact on almost every industry. Recently nanotechnology has become known as the science of every tiny thing, more particularly, 'nano'. Nanotechnology is a catch-all expression for resources and tools that function at the nanoscale.



Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has spread its applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. Being a subject of key interest, it was thought out to present recent development in nanotechnology in the form of a book to the scientific community.



There are six chapters in this book. In the first chapter, the recent development of nanotechnology in many applications such as energy/power, medicine/healthcare, water purification, biotechnology, electronics, sporting goods, environmental issues, defense/security, and textile/fabrics is summarized. Chapter two reviews the latest developments in the area of nanocomposites with reference to nanoclays, nanofibers and nanotubes. The classification, characterization and applications of various types of nanocomposites have been discussed in aerospace industry. It also highlighted the applications of nanocomposites in relaunch vehicles, space ladders, ablatives, internal motor casing and nano modified carbon/carbon composites. In third chapter, use and potential applications of nano materials, organic semiconductor complexes and composites sensors, organic field effect transistors, thin-film field effect transistors, temperature sensitive field-effect transistor, solar cells, and light-emitting diodes have been summarized. Fourth chapter describe nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nanocomposites, their importance, synthesis and characterization of nanocomposites. Fifth chapter describe synthesis of nanoparticles of various compositions, their exciting properties and size, and morphologies for a wide range of applications. Chapter six deals with DFT study of nanoparticles using run type of Frequencies in ADF-Molecule interface.



We deem that this book will convey the savor of the nanotechnology properly and illustrate that study on nanomaterials is emerging to be of key interest. We intently anticipate that this book will be beneficial for students, teachers and practitioners.

Sher Bahadar Khan & Abdullah M. Asiri
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
Chemistry Department
Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah 21589
P.O. Box 80203
Saudi Arabia

Kalsoom Akhtar
Division of Nano Sciences
Department of Chemistry
Ewha Womans University
Seoul 120-750
Korea

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Sher Bahadar Khan
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science

Jeddah
Saudi Arabia




Contributor(s):
Kishwar Khan
Center for Sustainable Energy Systems (CSES)
ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science (CECS), Australian National University (ANU)
Canberra ACT 0200
Australia


Sarish Rehman
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing; Institute of Photonics
University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Department of Physics and Mathematics
P.O. Box 111, FI-80101
Joensuu
Finland


Zaffar Mohammad Khan
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad Highway
Islamabad
Pakistan


Mohammad Rizwan Saleem
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad Highway
Islamabad
Pakistan
/
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing; Institute of Photonics
University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Department of Physics and Mathematics
P.O. Box 111, FI-80101
Joensuu
Finland


Kh. S. Karimov
GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology
Topi, KK
Pakistan
/
Physical Technical Institute of Academy of Sciences
Rudaki Ave.33
Dushanbe, 734025
Tajikistan


Muhammad Abid
Interdisciplinary Research Center
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Wah Cantt
Pakistan


Sher Bahadar Khan
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) and Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80203
Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
/
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah 21589, P.O. Box 80203
Saudi Arabia
/
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80203
Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia


Kalsoom Akhtar
Division of Nano Sciences and Department of Chemistry
Ewha Womans University
Seoul 120-750
Korea


Abdullah M. Asiri
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) and Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80203
Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
/
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science
King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80203
Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
/
Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah 21589, P.O. Box 80203
Saudi Arabia


Shahida B. Niazi
Institute of Chemical Sciences
Bahauddin Zakariya University
Multan
Pakistan


Abdul Majid
Physics Department
University of Gujrat
Pakistan




Advertisement



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2017 Bentham Science