Current Studies in HIV Research

Book Series: Frontiers in HIV Research

Volume 2

by

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

DOI: 10.2174/97816810825541160201
eISBN: 978-1-68108-255-4, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-256-1
ISSN: 2405-9862 (Print)
ISSN: 2405-9889 (Online)



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Indexed in: EBSCO.

Current Studies in HIV Research brings key topics in HIV/AIDS research to the ...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Alireza Yalda

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Preface

- Pp. ii

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iii-v (3)

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

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Diversity and Global Epidemiology of HIV

- Pp. 3-10 (8)

Kazem Baesi, Seyed Younes Hosseini, Ali Teimoori and Mohammad Gholami

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HIV Transmission

- Pp. 11-26 (16)

Behnam Farhoudi

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Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Infection: Timing, Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

- Pp. 27-43 (17)

Kenneth McIntosh

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Reducing Pre-partum and Intra-partum Transmission of HIV to Infants

- Pp. 44-55 (12)

Banafsheh Moradmand Badie and Lillian Mwanri

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HIV Infection and Cell Signaling Pathways

- Pp. 56-74 (19)

Ali Teimoori, Kazem Baesi and Seyed Younes Hosseini

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Determinants of HIV Pathogenesis Related to Disease Progression

- Pp. 75-89 (15)

Zahra Goodarzi, Seyed Hadi Razavi and Asghar Abdoli

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HIV Systems Biology

- Pp. 90-105 (16)

Asghar Abdoli, Zahra Goodarz, Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi, Amin Farzanegan and Seyed Hadi Razavi

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HIV/TB Co-Infection

- Pp. 106-111 (6)

Katayoun Tayeri

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HIV and Hepatitis Viruses Co-infection: A Closer View of Their Interactions and Clinical Consequences

- Pp. 117-142 (26)

Seyed Younes Hosseini, Katayoun Tayeri, Ali Teimoori and Kazem Baesi

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Testing for HIV Infection

- Pp. 143-150 (8)

Amin Farzanegan, Seyed Hadi Razavi and Asghar Abdoli

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When to Start Antiretroviral Therapy

- Pp. 151-165 (15)

Behnam Farhoudi

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Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Pregnant Women

- Pp. 166-179 (14)

Holly Rawizza

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HIV Drug Resistance

- Pp. 180-199 (20)

Hamid Emadi Koochak, Siavash Eskandari, Zeinab Najafi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Koosha Paydary, Sahra Emamzadeh Fard, Mona Mohammadi Firouzeh and Shayan Tabe-Bordbar

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Serodiscordant Couples and Fertility Management

- Pp. 200-222 (23)

Koosha Paydary, Shooka Esmaeeli, Siavash Eskandari, Zeinab Najafi, Alireza Hosseini, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Shayan Tabe Bordbar and SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinagh

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Aging in People Living with HIV

- Pp. 223-233 (11)

Katayoun Tayeri

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Interaction of Behavior and Biomedical Prevention

- Pp. 234-243 (10)

Maryam Foroughi and Pegah Valiollahi

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Community Involvement in HIV Prevention

- Pp. 244-262 (19)

Lillian Mwanri and Banafsheh Moradmand Badie

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Positive Prevention

- Pp. 263-267 (5)

Seyed Ramin Radfar

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Management Model of Positive Clubs

- Pp. 268-278 (11)

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, May Sudhinaraset, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Koosha Paydary, Sahra Emamzadeh-Fard, Sepideh Khodaei and Sara Sardashti

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Integration of HIV Services into Primary Health Care (PHC) System

- Pp. 279-296 (18)

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Mona Mohammadi Firouzeh, Ghobad Moradi and Minoo Mohraz

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Community Involvement: New HIV Monitoring Strategies

- Pp. 297-303 (7)

Donald J. Hamel

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Monitoring and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Interventions

- Pp. 304-314 (11)

Omid Zamani

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Sampling Methods for Hidden Populations

- Pp. 315-324 (10)

Omid Zamani

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Recent Researches on HIV/AIDS

- Pp. 325-333 (9)

Ghobad Moradi and Soda Neamatzade

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Subject Index

- Pp. 334-338 (5)

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

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Foreword

It is estimated that about 35 million people worldwide are currently living with HIV/AIDS and, fortunately, the number of AIDS deaths and new infections is also declining. The introduction of antiretroviral therapy for effective control and prevention has had a great role to play in reducing this infection. Further, age of HIV-infected patients have been markedly increased so that the issues related to “HIV and aging” are discussed in more details by many textbooks and articles. However, fundamental challenges still remain such as HIV stigma and discrimination, adherence to antiretroviral therapy, access to high-risk groups including homosexuals and vulnerable women, types of intervention and their effectiveness on high risk groups, as well as achieving commitment to agreed goals by countries.

A textbook may be required to address new developments on the HIV/AIDS from different aspects. The present book can be regarded as a useful resource on HIV for researchers, clinicians, and others dealing with HIV. It provides a review of hot topics in HIV/AIDS compiled by Iranian and foreign experts. Indeed, edited by Dr. SeyedAlinaghi, the book covers important basic, epidemiological and clinical research aspects and presents updated information to readers. It also refers to a number of new issues which have not been extensively studied.

We truly appreciate all the authors who help the editor by writing the book chapters, and hope to provide valuable information to readers and receive positive feedback for our work.

Alireza Yalda
Distinguished Professor of
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Preface

The present book focus on hot topics in HIV/AIDS research and every chapter was prepared by experts in the field.

Despite a global decline in the number of new HIV infection, in some areas including the Middle East the incidence rate of HIV infection is increasing. Consequently, effective prevention strategies as well as increased access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are needed. In fact, control efforts for HIV infection requires to achieve a 50 percent reduction of HIV transmission among people who are infected through injection drug use or sexual intercourse, and elimination of mother-to-child transmission by way of providing antiretroviral treatment to pregnant HIV-positive women with a coverage target of 90% by 2015. On the other hand, one of the main objectives of international organizations is to increase the access to ART both as a life saving medication for people living with HIV and as an effective practice to prevent the infection. Fortunately, the infection with HIV is not considered a fatal disease anymore and it turned into a chronic disease and HIV infected people may enjoy near-normal life expectancy and reach old age.

Unfortunately, HIV-related stigma and discrimination is still significant in most areas of the world. However, the integration of HIV services with Primary Health Care (PHC) has proved to be an effective measure put in place by some nations. Further, reforming current laws and regulations and the development of new anti-discrimination legislation seem to be important for effective preventive and treatment activities.

The current book does not cover all aspects of HIV/AIDS. But, it presents a brief account of major issues and developments dealing with basic, epidemiology and clinical research for medical and scientific applications in this field.

The editor appreciates the effort and patience of all authors who participated in the writing of the chapters.

SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Iran

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Iran




Contributor(s):
Alireza Hosseini
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences

/
Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC)
Tehran University of Medical Sciences



Ali Teimoori
Department of virology
Jundishapur University of Medical science
Ahvaz
Iran


Amin Farzanegan
Faculty of Medical sciences
Tarbiat Modares University
Tehran
Iran


Asghar Abdoli
Department of Hepatitis and AIDS
Pasteur Institute of Iran
Tehran
Iran


Banafsheh Moradmand Badie
Discipline of Public Health
School of Medicine, Flinders University
South Australia


Behnam Farhoudi
Islamic Azad University
Tehran Medical Branch
Iran


Donald J. Hamel
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Harvard School of Public Health
Boston MA 02115
651 Huntington Avenue
USA


Ghobad Moradi
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
Sanandaj
Iran


Hamid Emadi Koochak
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Holly Rawizza
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston
Massachusetts 02115
USA


Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Katayon Tayeri
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Kazem Baesi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Kenneth McIntosh
Professor of Immunology
Infectious Diseases



Koosha Paydary
Iranian Research center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors,Tehran University of Medical Sciences

/
Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC)
Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)



Lilli Mwanri
Discipline of Public Health, School of Medicine
South Australia


Maryam Foroughi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


May Sudhinaraset
Global Health Sciences
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA
USA


Minoo Mohraz
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Mohammad Reza Aghasadeghi
Department of Hepatitis and AIDS
Pasteur Institute of Iran
Tehran
Iran


Mona Mohammadi Firouzeh
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Omid Zamani
HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance
Institute for Futures Studies in Health
Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Kerman
Iran


Pegah Valiollahi
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine of Link ping University
Link ping
Sweden


Sahra Emamzadeh-Fard
Department of Radiology
Division of Interventional Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York
USA


Sara Sardashti
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors,Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Sepideh Khodaei
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi
Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Seyed Hadi Razavi
Faculty of Medical sciences
Tarbiat Modares University
Tehran
Iran


Seyed Ramin Radfar
University of California, Los Angeles
Integrated Substance Abuse Programs



Seyed Younes Hosseini
GastroenteroHepatology Research center
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Shiraz
Iran


Shayan Tabe-Bordbar
Physiology Department
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
USA


Shooka Esmaeeli
Iranian Research center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

/
Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC)
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Siavash Eskandari
Iranian Research center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran
/
Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC)
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Soda Neamatzade
Research Committee
Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
Sanandaj
Iran


Zahra Goodarzi
Applied Virology Research Center
Baqyatallah University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran


Zeinab Najafi
Iranian Research center for HIV/AIDS
Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tehran
Iran
/
Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC)
Tehran University of Medical Science
Tehran
Iran




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