Sustainable Solar Energy Systems: Challenges and Economics for the Arab World


by

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi

DOI: 10.2174/97816810829741160101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-297-4, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-298-1



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The urgency of exploring alternative energy sources, especially in regions so detrimentally affected by current energy practices on en...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i-ii (2)

Marc Rauch

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Preface

- Pp. iii

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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Acknowledgements

- Pp. iv

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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List of Contributors

- Pp. v

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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About the Authors

- Pp. vi-vii (2)

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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Introduction

- Pp. viii-ix (2)

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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Sunlight and Solar Radiation

- Pp. 3-9 (7)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Climate Change

- Pp. 10-16 (7)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Solar Energy and Associated Benefits

- Pp. 17-25 (9)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Solar Powered Technologies

- Pp. 26-58 (33)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Solar Power and Sustainable Development

- Pp. 59-84 (26)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Natural Lighting in Buildings

- Pp. 85-102 (18)

Khaled Nassar

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Challenges in The Arab World

- Pp. 103-110 (8)

Sarah Mousa, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Feasibility of Solar Energy

- Pp. 111-183 (73)

Ghada Abdel Aziem, Khaled Nassar and Salah El-Haggar

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Heating Poultry Houses Using Renewable Energy

- Pp. 184-231 (48)

Heidi El Zanaty, Mohamed El-Morsi and Salah El-Haggar

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Subject Index

- Pp. 232-234 (3)

Salah El-Haggar, Sarah Mousa and Mohamed El-Morsi

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Foreword

Egypt and the Arab world are blessed with abundant solar energy resources. Located in the “sun belt” with powerful solar radiation and dependably clear skies, and having vast tracts of vacant desert land suitable for mounting solar installations, this region is the ideal venue for adoption of solar technology. A formidable challenge facing the Arab world, however, is to harness the seemingly limitless potential of solar energy as a practical engine for social and economic development. It is a challenge that Dr. Salah El-Haggar and the coauthors of Sustainable Solar Energy Systems meet head on.

This volume goes beyond conventional studies of solar technology and economics to address the everyday needs of underserved populations, particularly the rural poor. As Dr. El-Haggar and his co-authors vividly describe, even when fossil fuels (e.g. kerosene, diesel, wood) are available to such groups and are affordable, dependency on conventional fuels for household needs and agricultural work undermines their health, saps educational opportunity and blocks economic advancement. This is especially true for women and children.

The authors first provide the reader with a basic grounding in the science of solar energy, both thermal and photovoltaic, the engineering of solar energy systems and the economics of typical solar energy applications. As the authors point out, the world is in the midst of a veritable “solar revolution,” with steadily falling prices for solar panels and continuous improvements in solar technologies.

Once past these basics, Dr. El-Haggar and his colleagues demonstrate how solar energy can readily be adapted for rural household and agricultural needs such as cooking, domestic hot water, heating, cooling and ventilation of houses, drying of agricultural products and off-the-grid electricity requirements. Of special importance for Egypt and the Arab world, which face chronic water scarcity, is the explanation of how solar energy can facilitate desalination, the conversion of seawater to fresh water.

The book ends with an ingenious study of how proven solar hot water heating technology can be adapted for large-scale poultry production. By using computer simulations, the authors show that not only is it technically feasible to substitute solar energy for much of the diesel fuel currently used to warm hen houses, but converting to solar makes compelling business sense for poultry farmers as well.

Dr. El-Haggar and his co-authors have deftly bridged the gap between the academic science of solar energy and the practical applications so desperately needed by underserved populations. This valuable handbook can lead to more rapid dissemination of solar technologies in the region and to better health, educational and economic opportunities for the rural populations of Egypt and the Arab world.

Marc Rauch
The American University in Cairo
New York
USA


Preface

This book is unique in that, as far as the authors’ knowledge, it is the only basic comprehensive guide to solar energy and the potential use of solar powered technologies for sustainable development, primarily on a grass-roots level. The book provides an introduction to basic concepts of solar energy, describes the mechanisms and benefits of related technologies, and suggests potential uses on a practical level by examining case studies. Detailed economic feasibility studies are presented in this book to encourage the implementation of sustainable technologies in the field of solar energy and help communities, especially in the Arab world, live a more sustainable life. The focus on the Arab world in this book stems from the noticeable changes in the environmental and political climates there which provide a great opportunity for the harnessing of renewable energy.

This book strikes a balance between simplicity and comprehensiveness in the fact that although no specialty background knowledge is needed to read it yet it offers broad understanding of solar energy and its applications.

The urgency of exploring alternative energy sources, especially in a region so detrimentally affected by current energy practices on environmental, humanitarian and political levels makes this book a crucial element in raising awareness and activism in the field.

Salah El-Haggar
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Egypt

Sarah Mousa
Arab Studies and Development
Founder of Shamsina, Wynantskill, New York
USA

&


Mohamed El-Morsi
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo, Ain Shams University
Egypt

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Salah El-Haggar
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Egypt


Sarah Mousa
Arab Studies and Development, Founder of Shamsina
5 Fox Glove Court, Wynantskill, 12198
New York
USA


Mohamed El-Morsi
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Cairo
Egypt




Contributor(s):
Salah El-Haggar
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Cairo
Egypt


Sarah Mousa
Arab Studies and Development, Founder of Shamsina
5 Fox Glove Court, Wynantskill, 12198
New York
USA


Mohamed El-Morsi
Mechanical Engineering, Power Department
Ain Shams University
Cairo
Egypt
/
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Cairo
Egypt


Khaled Nassar
Department of Construction Engineering
The American University of Cairo
Cairo
Egypt


Ghada Abdel Aziem
The American University, Gleeds Construction Consultancy
Cairo
Egypt


Heidi El Zanaty
Mechanical Engineering
The American University, Technical Trading Company-Tecnco for Poultry Equipment
Cairo
Egypt




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