Toward the Future: The New Challenges of the Cell Therapy and Potential of Regenerative Medicine


by

Nicola Daniele

DOI: 10.2174/97816810843741170101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-437-4, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-68108-438-1





Cells are the building blocks of life and some cells (stem cells) have the ability to produce other cells through the processes of cel...[view complete introduction]

Pluripotent Stem Cells: Basic Biology and Translational Medicine

- Pp. 31-55 (25)

Filippo Zambelli, Lucia De Santis and Rita Vassena

Abstract

The derivation of human embryonic stem cells in the last decades, made possible by the parallel and growing development of in vitro fertilization and embryo cryopreservation technologies, have opened the door for regenerative medicine. The study of cell replacement in loss of function diseases has received further impulse by the derivation of induced pluripotent cells less than 10 years ago. Currently, pluripotent cells are extensively employed in disease modeling, toxicology testing, and drug discovery. Phase I clinical trials with both embryonic and induced pluripotent cells derivates have been underway for a few years now, and initial results have been published recently. As the field of regenerative medicine moves forward at an impressive pace, we aim to review the origin and characteristics of the different kind of pluripotent stem cells, their potential use in key translational areas, and the challenges and opportunities that we face for their integrated use in a modern and personalized medicine.

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