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Chitosan Based Materials and its Applications

Book Series: Frontiers in Biomaterials

Volume 3

by

Guilherme Luiz Dotto, Sergio Paulo Campana-Filho, Luiz Antonio de Almeida Pinto

eISBN: 978-1-68108-485-5, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-68108-486-2
ISSN: 2468-0168 (Print)
ISSN: 2352-3921 (Online)



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This volume presents 10 reviews contributed by eminent researchers around the world on chitosan based materials. The introductory chap...[view complete introduction]

Foreword

Petroleum is an important source of energy and materials in our world and many products we use every day are derived from it. However, environmental and economic considerations lead to consider new sources to allow less dependency on fossil fuels. Natural polymers may be one of these alternatives, and among them, polysaccharides form a large class containing a number of industrially-important ones. Chitin, despite constituting the second most abundant natural polymer has not achieved the same commercial importance as for, cellulose, starch or alginate. Academic as well as industrial scientists have developed strong energy to find new and potential applications for this material and most preferentially for chitosan, being its major derivative. The latter presents very specific properties particularly due to its capacity to be polycationic in acidic medium but also a great interest considering the multiple forms in which it can be processed. As a consequence, possible applications cover a wide domain, and this book in a comprehensive manner summarizes many of the most recent technical and research accomplishments in chitosan covering its acquisition processes, characterization, chemical modifications and specific applications such as dyes and metals removal, drug delivery, coatings (especially for food applications), and permeation processes.

The contents of this book highlight the most important challenges and information needed to understand chitosan science. Chitosan is derived from chitin and many processes were designed for deacetylation reaction leading to acquire this derivative. For a few years, microwave-assisted as well as ultrasound processes have been developed and found to be of great interest as it is developed in this book. The characterization of obtained chitosans is of major importance and still remains a challenge for users. The used techniques are discussed in this book and this will strongly help the chitosan users. But chitosan as well as other polysaccharides, do not exhibit all the required properties necessary for specific applications. As a consequence, it is necessary to carry out modifications and the presence of amino groups in chitosan structure allows selective reactions which are described in this book. It is possible to prepare cationic, anionic, amphiphilic or crosslinked materials demonstrating the versatility of this polysaccharide. All of these actions allow the chitosan to be used in applications, covering wide domains as biomedical or pharmaceutics, cosmetics, food, agriculture, water treatment and permeation.

This book is a very useful addition to literature on chitin and chitosan, particularly for those working on the development of new products for specific applications. The authors have to be thanked for their successful contribution to chitosan development demonstrating its strong interest and unlimited potential of applications and it will stimulate researchers in order to continue their efforts so that chitosan finds the place within the polysaccharide world.

Jacques Desbrières
Professeur Directeur Adjoint UFR Sciences et Techniques de Pau,
Hélioparc Pau Pyrénées,
2 Avenue P. Angot,
64053 PAU cedex 9
Tél: 05 59 40 76 02
E-mail: jacques.desbrieres@univ-pau.fr


Preface

Chitosan is an alternative, low cost and available biomaterial, which can be obtained from natural and renewable resources. Chitosan can be obtained from chitin deacetylation and, its properties are dependent on the used method and the experimental conditions. Chitosan has several interesting properties from industrial and technological viewpoints, such as, biocompatibility, bioavailability, adhesivity, film forming properties and is polycationic in acid mean. Chitosan can be processed in the form of films, membranes, hollow fibers, nanofibers, nanoparticles and scaffolds. On the basis in these interesting properties, chitosan has an unlimited potential of application, for example, in agriculture, medicine, odontology, pharmacy, engineering and other fields. Studies involving chitosan increased significantly in the last 15 years. Consequently, many frontiers were overcome and new research fields were opened. Based on the above mentioned facts, the traditional and new trends about chitosan based materials were organized in a book: "Chitosan Based Materials and its Applications". It is expected that these information will assist future research in the chitosan field.

This book consists of 10 contributions or chapters. The chapters were developed by eminent researchers from Brazil, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Poland, which worked on chitosan and chitosan based materials. Chapter 1 shows general considerations about chitosan and its based materials, while chapter 2 is focused on the obtention processes and characteristics. In chapters 3 to 5, chitosan based materials like nanofibers, nanoparticles, nanocapsules and chemically modified chitosans are addressed. The characterization techniques for chitosan and its based materials are presented in chapter 6. Chapters 7 to 10 are focused on the applications such as, water treatment, drug delivery, edible films and pervaporation membranes. Based on this interesting material, we believe that this book continue to inspire the development and implementation of technologies involving chitosan based materials in the academic and industrial fields.

Guilherme Luiz Dotto
Environmental Processes Laboratory (LAPAM),
Chemical Engineering Department,
Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM),
Roraima Avenue, 1000, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

Sergio Paulo Campana-Filho
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo,
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP,
13566-590 São Carlos/SP, Brazil

Luiz Antonio de Almeida Pinto
Industrial Technology Laboratory, School of Chemistry and Food,
Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG,
Rio Grande – RS, Brazil

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Guilherme Luiz Dotto
Chemical Engineering Department
Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM)
Roraima Avenue, 1000, Santa Maria, RS
Brazil


Sergio Paulo Campana-Filho
Instituto de Química de São Carlos
Universidade de São Paulo
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Luiz Antonio de Almeida Pinto
Industrial Technology Laboratory, School of Chemistry and Food
Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil




Contributor(s):
Guilherme Luiz Dotto
Federal University of Santa Maria-UFSM
Chemical Engineering Department
Santa Maria-RS
Brazil


Sérgio Paulo Campana-Filho
Universidade de São Paulo (IQSC/USP)
Instituto de Química de São Carlos
São Carlos, São Paulo
Brazil


Luiz Antonio de Almeida Pinto
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Anderson Fiamingo
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Jorge Augusto de Moura Delezuk
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Regiane Cristina Corrêa
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Eduardo Hiromitsu Tanabe
Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria-UFSM
Environmental Processes Laboratory
Santa Maria-RS
Brazil


Daliomar Lourenço de Oliveira Júnior
Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria-UFSM
Environmental Processes Laboratory
Santa Maria-RS
Brazil


Daniel Assumpção Bertuol
Chemical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Maria-UFSM
Environmental Processes Laboratory
Santa Maria-RS
Brazil


Adalberto E. Junior
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Chemistry Department
Trindade - Florianópolis
Santa Catarina-Brazil


Alexandre L. Parize
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Chemistry Department
Trindade - Florianópolis
Santa Catarina-Brazil


Natália B. Caon Branco
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Chemistry Department
Trindade - Florianópolis
Santa Catarina-Brazil


Adriana Pavinatto
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Andrea de Lacerda Bukzem
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Daniella de Souza e Silva
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Danilo Martins dos Santos
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Tonimar Arrighi Domiciano Senra
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


William Marcondes Facchinatto
Av. Trabalhador são-carlense, 400 - CEP
Instituto de Química de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
13566-590 São Carlos/SP
Brazil


Nauro da Silveira
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Denys Alberto S. Rodrigues
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Tito Roberto Sant'Anna Cadaval Junior
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Mery Luiza Garcia Vieira
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Alisson S. Camara
School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande – FURG
Industrial Technology Laboratory
Rio Grande – RS
Brazil


Poliana P. Lopes
Federal University of Santa Maria
Chemical Engineering Department
Santa Maria
Brazil


Nathalie B. Barroca
Queen’s University Belfast
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
United Kingdom


Ana Luísa Daniel-da-Silva
Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro
CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials
Aveiro
Portugal


Bárbara J. Leite Ferreira
Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro
CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials
Aveiro
Portugal


Vanderlei C. Souza
Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina-UFSC
Laboratory of Porous Media and Thermophysical Properties
Florianópolis-SC
Brazil


Gabriela Dudek
Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, Strzody 9
Department of Physical Chemistry and Technology of Polymers
44100 Gliwice
Poland


Roman Turczyn
Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, Strzody 9
Department of Physical Chemistry and Technology of Polymers
44100 Gliwice
Poland




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