Origin of Problem: China’s Corporate Environmental Pollution and Responsibility Analysis
- Pp. 121-153 (33)Wang Hong
In recent China, the corporate environmental pollution is an indisputable fact nowadays. The environmental pollution has a variety of forms, such as water pollution, air pollution, solid waste and so on. And the problem of pollution is originated from the overall responsibility, including the government, corporate and the public. The situation that is grossly inadequate of total resources and per capita resources, resource consumption growing at an alarming rate, extensive growth phase of resource use efficiency, high dependence on external resources, lower utilization of renewable resources shows that China’s resource is difficult to support the continued growth of traditional industrial civilization. Environmental pollution is firstly and essentially corporate social responsibility issue. Investigation shows that the enterprise managers have deviation understanding of CSR, the local enterprises do not have mature CSR strategy and management system, and SMEs are lack of attention of environmental protection; Secondly, the government has the responsibility vacuum in guiding enterprises to take social responsibility. In the wrong guidance of pure pursuit of economy interest by some local governments, the local protectionism becomes the umbrella and shield of environmental violations. Lack of law regulation and government failure to take environmental responsibility create convenience for the low rate of energy utilization, poor electronic waste management; Thirdly, the public participation in China is insufficient. City residents’ energy conservation behavior is generally insufficient and rural residents’ awareness of environmental problems severity is lower. Until recently the public has become an important pressure to promote CER. Therefore, the responsibility awareness is urgently needed.