Introduction to Occupational Health Hazards

Book Series: Frontiers in Occupational Health and Safety

Volume 2

by

Farhana Zahir

DOI: 10.2174/97898114069111190201
eISBN: 978-981-14-0691-1, 2019
ISBN: 978-981-14-0690-4
ISSN: 2352-9423 (Print)
ISSN: 2352-9431 (Online)



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Table of Contents

Preface

- Pp. i-ii (2)
Farhana Zahir
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Foreword

- Pp. iii
S.M. Hadi
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List of Contributors

- Pp. iv
Farhana Zahir
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New Frontiers in Occupational Disease

- Pp. 1-40 (40)
Farhana Zahir

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Occupational Hazards as Neurological Disorders

- Pp. 41-61 (21)
Rajesh Singh Yadav and Kumar Vaibhav

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Cancer as an Occupational Hazard

- Pp. 62-86 (25)
Manzoor Ahmad Gatoo and Sufia Naseem

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Occupational Health Hazards to Medical and Paramedical Staff

- Pp. 87-113 (27)
Farhana Zahir, Shazia Parveen, Nasreen Noor, Abdul Faiz Faizy, Shaziya Allarakha and Shagufta Moin

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Biosafety Issues for Scientists and Laboratory Workers

- Pp. 114-157 (44)
Achla Gupta and Farhana Zahir

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Stress and Compromised Mental Health as The New Age Occupational Hazard

- Pp. 158-173 (16)
Farhana Zahir

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Subject Index

- Pp. 174-183 (10)
Farhana Zahir
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Foreword

It is a pleasure for me to write a foreword for the book series entitled, “Frontiers in Occupational Health and safety” with volume title “Introduction to occupational health hazards” by Dr. Farhana Zahir. Much scientific literature is available on the subject; nevertheless, the contents are of topical interest in the context of the current industrial scene in the entire world. Indeed, various international organizations including WHO have issued guidelines for the safety of workforce in various industries. A healthy workforce is of vital concern for sustainable social and economic development on global, national and local levels. The classical approach to ensuring health and safety of the workforce has depended mainly on the enactment of necessary legislation and inspection of workplace. Unfortunately, in many of the third world countries, the industrial workplaces remain insecure in spite of the existence of the required legislation.

I believe that the contents of the present work are of adequate scientific value and would be of interest to both the established workers in the field as well as those who would like to have a general idea of the hazards involved in various industries. The book also contains a chapter on previously unrecognized hazards such as physical stress and mental health of the workers which should be of particular interest to the readers.


Prof. S.M. Hadi
Emeritus Professor
Department of Biochemistry,
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh,
India

Preface

This eBook series entitled, “Frontiers in Occupational Health and Safety” with volume title “Introduction to Occupational Health Hazards” is an effort to underline the significance of the safety and well-being of workers in occupational settings.

The book has 6 chapters divided into four units by various authors. Each chapter showcases a new aspect of occupational hazard.

Unit I: Introduction to Occupational Hazards

Unit II: Kinds of Diseases Induced by Various Occupations

Unit III: Occupational Hazards Associated with Various Professions

Unit IV: Previously Unrecognized Occupational Hazard

I am highly grateful to Dr. S. M. Hadi, Emeritus Professor, Department of Biochemistry, AMU, an accomplished scientist for keeping his promise of briefly reviewing the book and writing a ‘Foreword’ despite paucity of time.

I would like to express my gratitude to all the authors for bearing patience during the long time this book took to see light of the day.

Unit I: New Frontiers in Occupational Disease

The introductory chapter, tries to encompass the emerging and existing occupational disorders some of which were earlier unnoticed or were unborn until recently into six disease causing agents, biological, chemical, physical, ergonomic, psychosocial and accidental. Emergence of newer disorders in the aftermath of industrialization, globalization, migration, extremes of climatic conditions, recreation methods has become possible due to the advancement of science and technology. The role of various international organizations like WHO, ILO etc. is highlighted on pertinent issues. This book aims to deviate from traditionally discussed occupational hazards to focus on work-related hazards which evolved with advent of newer professions.

UNIT II: Kinds of Diseases Induced by Various Occupations

This unit takes two examples Neurological disorders and Cancer as subject to study kinds of occupational diseases.

Dr. Kumar Vaibhav a seasoned Neurotoxicologist from Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University along with Dr. Rajesh Yadav of Dr. HG Central University has tried to summarize “Occupational Hazards as Neurological Disorders”.

Dr. Manzoor Gatoo and Dr. Sufia Naseem are biochemists from JN Medical College, AMU trying to give us a holistic view of to the world of occupational cancers.

UNIT III: Occupational Hazards Associated with Various Professions

Medicine is the one of the ancient and noble profession. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by hospital staff at work. Me and Professor Shagufta Moin along with her team from JN Medical College, AMU, has tried to give insight into the medico world of susceptibility and risks associated with medical and paramedical work. It also highlights the fact that following simple preventive measures can save lives of thousands of trained and untrained workers in health sector including doctors and nurses.

Noted Scientist Parie Curie died of Cancer. Accidents in academia are frequent in developed and developing countries. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), Recombinant DNA (R-DNA), Biological expression systems, transgenic and knock out animals, transgenic plants, biological waste or combination of biological and radiation waste are new age professional hazards for scientists. The hepatitis B virus is several times more contagious than HIV, a medical professional/scientist coming in contact with hepatitis B is likely to be infected without proper vaccination or other precautions. For the first time, a comprehensive chapter regarding the “awareness of biosafety issues of scientists” has been written by me in collaboration with Professor Achla Gupta of Mount Sinai School of Medicine for the benefit of all the students and researchers. The chapter successfully marks that following stringent precautions is essential before establishing a laboratory and while scientists are at work. Also, proper disposal procedures must be followed after the scientific task is completed to avoid any risk of infection/accident for the scientist and general public.

UNIT IV: Previously Unrecognized Occupational Hazard

This unit has one chapter articulating the case of previously unrecognized health hazard ‘mental stress’ of the workforce. Stress was an unknown term during the first half of the century bygone. Lack of proper sleep and change in biological clocks is leading to a lesser understood but almost an epidemic like disease-Stress. The last twenty years have seen the enhancement of the reported cases of stress, so is the rise in consumption of anti-depressants. The previously unrecognized occupational hazard forms a common denominator for almost all work place issues. Adequate sleep has gained significance as it tries to bring down levels of Stress. I have tried to study stress as a component of anxiety and collapse of circadian rhythm.

I would like to thank the entire team Bentham Science Publishers for being partners in production of this eBook. The people from Bentham Science Publishers who deserve special mention are, Ms. Fariya Zulfiqar, Mr. Shehzad Naqvi and Mr. Mahmood Alam.

I would like to thank Prof. S.J. Rizvi for being my mentor and guide.

Last but not the least; I would thank my parents, husband, brother and kids for generating the support system around me that keeps me steady.


Farhana Zahir
Prism Educational Society,
Aligarh, U.P.,
India

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Farhana Zahir
Prism Educational Society
Aligarh, U.P.,
India




Contributor(s):
Achla Gupta
Department of Pharmacological Sciences
Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York
NY
USA


Abdul Faiz Faizy
Department of Biochemistry, JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Farhana Zahir
Prism Educational Society
Aligarh, U.P.
India


Kumar Vaibhav
Department of Neurosurgery
Augusta University, 1120 15th St, Augusta 30912 (GA)
Augusta
USA


Manzoor Ahmad Gatoo
Department of Biochemistry
JN Medical College, AMU
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Nasreen Noor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Rajesh Singh Yadav
Department of Criminology and Forensic Science
School of Applied Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University
Sagar 470 003 (MP)
India


Shazia Parveen
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Shaziya Allarakha
Department of Biochemistry, JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Shagufta Moin
Department of Biochemistry, JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India


Sufia Naseem
Department of Biochemistry
JN Medical College, AMU
Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh, India




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