Single and Two-Phase Flows on Chemical and Biomedical Engineering


by

Ricardo Dias, Rui Lima, Antonio A. Martins, Teresa M. Mata

DOI: 10.2174/97816080529501120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-295-0, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-504-3

  
  


Indexed in: Scopus

Single and two-phase flows are ubiquitous in most natural process and engineering systems. Examples of systems or process include, pac...[view complete introduction]
PDF US $
- Single user / Non-Library usage: 49
- Multi user / Library usage: 196
Print-On-Demand (P.O.D): *263
Special Offer for Single user / Non-Library usage (PDF + P.O.D): *287

*(Excluding Mailing and Handling)
Purchase: Book Chapters
Download Flyers

Table of Contents

Foreword , Pp. i

Vishwas V. Wadekar

Download Free

Preface , Pp. ii

Ricardo Dias

Download Free

List of Contributors , Pp. iii-xi (9)

.

Download Free

Acknowledgements , Pp. xii

.

Download Free

Spacims-Probing the Internal Behaviour of 3D Structured Materials , Pp. 3-25 (23)

Jacinto Sá, Cristina-Elena Stere and Alexandre Goguet

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Modelling of a Monolithic Reverse Flow Reactor for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by Ammonia , Pp. 26-51 (26)

Emilio Muñoz, David Lesser, Pablo Marín, Salvador Ordóñez and Fernando V. Díez

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Mesoscopic Simulation of Rarefied Gas Flow in Porous Media , Pp. 52-78 (27)

Alexandros N. Kalarakis, Eugene D. Skouras and Vasilis N. Burganos

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Mixing Through Half a Century of Chemical Engineering , Pp. 79-112 (34)

Ricardo J. Santos, Madalena M. Dias and José Carlos B. Lopes

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Application of the Probability Density Function Method to Turbulent Mixing with Chemical Reaction , Pp. 113-152 (40)

Andrei Chorny

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Activated Sludge Models Coupled to CFD Simulations , Pp. 153-173 (21)

Pereira J.P., Karpinska A., Gomes P.J., Martins A.A., Dias M.M., Lopes J.C.B. and Santos R.J.

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Using CFD to Estimate External Mass Transfer Coefficients and Intra-Particle Diffusional Effects on the Supercritical Hydrogenation of Sunflower Oil , Pp. 174-195 (22)

A. Guardo, E. Ramírez, M.A. Larrayoz and F. Recasens

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Mass Transfer Around a Single Soluble Solid with Different Shapes Buried in a Packed Bed and Exposed to Fluid Flow , Pp. 196-232 (37)

J.M.P.Q. Delgado

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Advances on Viscoelastic Fluid Flow Simulation , Pp. 233-265 (33)

Jovani L. Favero, Argimiro R. Secchi, Nilo S.M. Cardozo and Hrvoje Jasak

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Tree-Shaped Flow Structures Viewed from the Constructal Theory Perspective , Pp. 266-291 (26)

António F. Miguel

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Determination of Effective Transport Properties of Metallic Foams: Morphology and Flow Laws , Pp. 292-331 (40)

J. Vicente, E. Brun, J.M. Hugo, J.P. Bonnet and F. Topin

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Flow Visualization in Gas-Solid Packed Beds by Spatially Resolved Near-Infrared Imaging , Pp. 332-360 (29)

Aiouache Farid, Nic An tSaoir Méabh and Luis Abreu Fernandes Daniel

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Interfacial Area Modelling in Two-Phase Flow Studies , Pp. 361-385 (25)

Christophe Morel

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Mass Transfer Models for Oxygen-Water Co-Current Flow in Vertical Bubble Columns , Pp. 386-411 (26)

Valdemar Garcia and João Sobrinho Teixeira

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Characterization of Turbulence and Flow Regimes in Bubble Columns Based on Nonlinear Chaos Analysis of Various Data , Pp. 412-439 (28)

Stoyan Nedeltchev

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Characterization and Modeling of Flotation Processes , Pp. 440-459 (20)

G.G. Kagramanov and V.A. Kolesnikov

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Pulse Wave Propagation in Large Blood Vessels Based on Fluid- Solid Interactions Methods , Pp. 460-471 (12)

Tomohiro Fukui, Kim H. Parker and Takami Yamaguchi

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

An-Harmonic Modeling of the Peripheral Distortion of the Arterial Pulse , Pp. 472-488 (17)

Panagiotes A. Voltairas, D.I. Fotiadis, A. Charalambopoulos and L.K Michalis

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Numerical Analysis of Blood Flow in Stenosed Channels , Pp. 489-512 (24)

Stéphanie Ferreira, Ricardo P. Dias, Carlos Balsa and Carla S. Fernandes

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Blood Flow Behavior in Microchannels: Past, Current and Future Trends , Pp. 513-547 (35)

R. Lima, T. Ishikawa, Y. Imai and T. Yamaguchi

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

A Survey of Microchannel Geometries for Mixing of Species in Biomicrofluidics , Pp. 548-578 (31)

Francesco Pennella, Francesco Mastrangelo, Diego Gallo, Diana Massai, Marco A. Deriu, Giuseppe Falvo D'Urso Labate, Cristina Bignardi, Franco Montevecchi and Umberto Morbiducci

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Endothelial Cell Responses to Fluid Shear Stress: From Methodology to Applications , Pp. 579-599 (21)

Toshiro Ohashi and Masaaki Sato

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Micro-Flow Visualization of Magnetic Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications , Pp. 600-612 (13)

R. Lima, R.J. Joseyphus, T. Ishikawa, Y. Imai and T. Yamaguchi

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

A Computational Study on the Possibility of the Initialization and Development of Intracranial Aneurysms Considering Biofluid and Biosolid Mechanics , Pp. 613-633 (21)

Yixiang Feng, Shigeo Wada and Takami Yamaguchi

View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Index , Pp. 634-647 (14)

Ricardo Dias, Antonio A. Martins, Rui Lima and Teresa M. Mata

Download Free

Foreword

I am delighted to write the Foreword for this book, which captures the recent advances in both analytical and experimental techniques of describing accurately the single and multiphase flow phenomena in chemical engineering practice and biomedical systems.

In the chemical engineering arena, there is an interesting combination of chapters covering both fundamental and other applied studies. Fundamental studies focus on a wide variety of topics such as simulation of rarefied gas flow in porous media, mass transfer for soluble solids in a packed bed, tree shaped flow structures and constructal theory, interfacial area modeling in two-phase flows, etc. Other studies address the environmental topics of NOx abatement by selective catalytic reduction of NO by ammonia, and modeling of waste water treatment by combining CFD simulation with activated sludge models. Other CFD studies on chemical engineering side include super critical hydrogenation of edible oil and simulation of a viscoelastic fluid. Important area of mixing is covered by two articles, one dealing with the evolution of mixing science and its impact on chemical engineering, and the other dealing with a specific topic of turbulent mixing with chemical reaction. There are some interesting experimental studies reporting work on bubble column and packed beds.

In the biomedical arena a number of chapters cover many fascinating articles related to blood flow, ranging from pulse wave propagation in blood vessels to numerical simulation of blood flow in stenosed channels. Other chapters in this area which describe application of microfluidics to biological systems and biomedical applications are equally fascinating.

I would like to congratulate the editors for bringing these separate but complementary chapters together in a book form. It is also nice to see many multi-disciplinary teams from countries across the globe working together to produce these chapters. I hope that the reader will benefit from the breadth and depth of the range of chemical engineering and biomedical topics covered in these chapters.

Dr. Vishwas V. Wadekar
Technology Director, HTFS Research
AspenTech Ltd, Reading
United Kingdom


Preface

Single or two-phase flows are ubiquitous in most natural process and engineering systems. Examples of systems or process include packed bed reactors, either single phase or multiphase, absorber and adsorber separation columns, filter beds, plate heat exchangers, flow of viscoelastic fluids in polymer systems, or the enhanced recovery of oil, among others.

In each case the flow plays a central role in determining the system or process behaviour and performance. A better understanding of the underlying physical phenomena and the ability to describe is crucial to design, operate and control processes involving the flow of fluids, ensuring that they will be more efficient and cost effective.

Growing areas such as microfluidics, nanomedicine and the modelling and simulation of complex flow in living systems such as the blood flow in microvascular networks rely upon a good description of the flow. One way of studying the blood flow behavior is in the context of blood flow in large arteries, and another is in small vessels. In the former case, blood may be treated as a homogenous fluid and Newtonian constitutive equations are generally accepted as a good approximation to express the rheological property of blood. In small vessels, however, the scale of generated flow field sometimes becomes comparable to the scale of a blood cell. The chapters from the area of biomedical engineering will describe several physiological and pathological events that happen in both large and small vessels.

Recent advances either in computational and experimental techniques are improving the existing knowledge of single and multiphase flows in engineering and physical systems of interest. This book reviews the state of the art and recent advances in various key areas of fluid mechanics and transport phenomena in the fields of chemical and biomedical engineering.

Ricardo Dias
CEFT - Transport Phenomena Research Center
Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto (FEUP)
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Ricardo Dias
Bragança Polytechnic (ESTiG)
Portugal


Rui Lima
Bragança Polytechnic (ESTiG)
Portugal


Antonio A. Martins
University of Porto (FEUP)
Portugal


Teresa M. Mata
University of Porto (FEUP)
Portugal




Contributor(s):
Jacinto Sá
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
David Keir Building, Queen’s University Belfast
Stranmillis Road
Belfast
Northern Ireland, BT9 5AG
UK


Cristina-Elena Stere
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
David Keir Building, Queen’s University Belfast
Stranmillis Road
Belfast
Northern Ireland, BT9 5AG
UK


Alexandre Goguet
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
David Keir Building, Queen’s University Belfast
Stranmillis Road
Belfast
Northern Ireland, BT9 5AG
UK


Emilio Muñoz
Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering
University of Oviedo
C/Julián Clavería 8
Oviedo, 33006
Spain


David Lesser
Institut für Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Technische Universität Clausthal
Leibnizstr. 17
Clausthal, 38678
Germany


Pablo Marín
Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering
University of Oviedo
C/Julián Clavería 8
Oviedo, 33006
Spain


Salvador Ordóñez
Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering
University of Oviedo
C/Julián Clavería 8
Oviedo, 33006
Spain


Fernando V. Díez
Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering
University of Oviedo
C/Julián Clavería 8
Oviedo, 33006
Spain


Alexandros N. Kalarakis
Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes
Foundation for Research and Technology
Hellas
Greece


Eugene D. Skouras
Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes
Foundation for Research and Technology
Hellas
Greece


Vasilis N. Burganos
Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes
Foundation for Research and Technology
Hellas
Greece


Ricardo J. Santos
Departamento de Engenharia Química
Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


Madalena M. Dias
Departamento de Engenharia Química
Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


José Carlos B. Lopes
Departamento de Engenharia Química
Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


Andrei Chorny
A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute
15 P.Brovka Str
Minsk, 220072
Belarus


J.P. Pereira
LSRE-Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Portugal


A. Karpinska
LSRE-Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Portugal


P.J. Gomes
LSRE-Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Portugal


A.A. Martins
LSRE-Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Portugal


A. Guardo
Fluid Mechanics Department
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Av. Diagonal 647, ETSEIB
Barcelona, 08028
Spain


E. Ramírez
Chemical Engineering Department
Faculty of Chemistry, Universitat de Barcelona
Martí i Franquès 1
Barcelona, 08028
Spain


M.A. Larrayoz
Chemical Engineering Department
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Av. Diagonal 647, ETSEIB
Barcelona, 08028
Spain


F. Recasens
Chemical Engineering Department
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Av. Diagonal 647, ETSEIB
Barcelona, 08028
Spain


J.M.P.Q. Delgado
Departamento de Engenharia Civil
LFC-Laboratório de Física das Construções
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


Jovani L. Favero
PEQ/COPPE-Programa de Engenharia Química
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
CT
Rio de Janeiro
RJ
Brazil


Argimiro R. Secchi
PEQ/COPPE-Programa de Engenharia Química
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
CT
Rio de Janeiro
RJ
Brazil


Nilo S. M. Cardozo
Departamento de Engenharia Química
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre
RS
Brazil


Hrvoje Jasak
FSB/Wikki-Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture
University of Zagreb
Croatia and Wikki Ltd
London
UK


António F. Miguel
Department of Physics and Geophysics Center CGE
University of Évora
Rua Romão Ramalho 59
Évora, 7000-671
Portugal


J. Vicente
Université de Provence
Laboratoire IUSTI CNRS UMR 6695
Technopole de Château-Gombert
Marseille
France


E. Brun
Mechanical Engineering Department
University of California
Santa Barbara
CA, 93106
United States


J.M. Hugo
Université de Provence
Laboratoire IUSTI CNRS UMR 6695
Technopole de Château-Gombert
Marseille
France


J.P. Bonnet
Université Aix-Marseille 3
Ecole Centrale, M2P2 UMR 6181
Technopôle de Chateau-Gombert
Marseille
France


F. Topin
Université de Provence
Laboratoire IUSTI CNRS UMR 6695
Technopole de Château-Gombert
Marseille
France


Aiouache Farid
Queen’s University Belfast
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Belfast
Northern Ireland, BT9 5AG



Nic An tSaoir Méabh
Queen’s University Belfast
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Belfast
Northern Ireland, BT9 5AG



Luis Abreu Fernandes Daniel
Department of Chemistry
University of Aveiro
Campus de Santiago
Aveiro, 3810-193
Portugal


Christophe Morel
CEA GRENOBLE, DEN/DER/SSTH/LDLD
17, Rue Des Martyrs
Grenoble, 38054
France


Valdemar Garcia
Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Escola Superior de Tecnologia e de Gestão
Quinta de Santa Apolónia
Bragança, 5300-999
Portugal


João Sobrinho Teixeira
Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Escola Superior Agrária
Quinta de Santa Apolónia
Bragança, 5301-857
Portugal


Stoyan Nedeltchev
Institute of Technical Chemistry
TU Braunschweig
Hans-Sommer-Strasse 10
Braunschweig, 38106
Germany


G.G. Kagramano
D.I. Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia
125047, Miusskaya Sq., 9
Moscow
Russia


V.A. Kolesnikov
D.I. Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia
125047, Miusskaya Sq., 9
Moscow
Russia


Tomohiro Fukui
Department of Mechanical and System Engineering
Kyoto Institute of Technology
Gosyokaido-cho, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku
Kyoto, 606-8585
Japan


Kim H. Parker
Department of Bioengineering
Physiolosical Flow Studies Group
Imperial College
London, SW7 2AZ
UK


Takami Yamaguchi
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aoba-yama
Sendai, 980-8579
Japan


Panagiotes A. Voltairas
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
University of Ioannina
Ioannina
GR, 451 10
Greece


D. I. Fotiadis
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
University of Ioannina
Ioannina
GR, 451 10
Greece


A. Charalambopoulos
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
University of Ioannina
Ioannina
GR, 451 10
Greece


L. K. Michalis
Department of Cardiology
Medical School and Michaelidion Cardiac Center
University of Ioannina
Ioannina
GR, 451 10
Greece


Yixiang Feng
Mechanical Engineering Research Laboratory
Hitachi Ltd
Hitachinaka
Ibaraki, 312-0034
Japan


Shigeo Wada
Department of Mechanical Science and Bioengineering
Graduate School of Engineering Science
Osaka University
Japan


Stéphanie Ferreira
Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão de Bragança
Campus de Santa Apolónia
Bragança, 5301-857
Portugal


Ricardo Dias
CEFT - Transport Phenomena Research Center
Faculty of Engineering
University of Porto (FEUP)
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


Carlos Balsa
Departamento de Matemática
Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão de Bragança
Campus de Santa Apolónia
Bragança, 5301-857
Portugal


Carla S. Fernandes
Departamento de Matemática
Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão de Bragança
Campus de Santa Apolónia
Bragança, 5301-857
Portugal


Rui Lima
CEFT - Transport Phenomena Research Center
Faculty of Engineering
University of Porto (FEUP)
Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n
Porto, 4200-465
Portugal


T. Ishikawa
Department of Bioengineering & Robotics
Graduate. School of Engineering
Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aoba
Sendai, 980-8579
Japan


Y. Imai
Department of Bioengineering & Robotics
Graduate. School of Engineering
Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aoba
Sendai, 980-8579
Japan


Francesco Pennella
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Francesco Mastrangelo
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Diego Gallo
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Diana Massai
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Marco A. Deriu
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Giuseppe Falvo D'Urso Labate
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Cristina Bignardi
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Franco Montevecchi
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Umberto Morbiducci
Department of Mechanics
Politecnico di Torino
24 Corso Duca degli Abruzzi
Turin, 10129
Italy


Toshiro Ohashi
Faculty of Engineering
Hokkaido University, Kita 13
Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo
Hokkaido, 0608628
Japan


Masaaki Sato
Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
Tohoku University
Aramaki Aza, Aoba, 6-6-01
Sendai, 980-8579
Japan


R.J. Joseyphus
Department of Physics
National Institute of Technology
Tiruchirappalli, 980-8579
India




Advertisement


Webmaster Contact: urooj@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2014 Bentham Science