Biodiversity Conservation - Challenges for the Future


by

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen, Sudhakaran P.R.

DOI: 10.2174/97816810802151150101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-021-5, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-022-2



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Biodiversity Conservation – Challenges for the Future is a multidisciplinary book, linking topics on biodiversity, co...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i-ii (2)

Balakrishna Pisupati

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Preface

- Pp. iii

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen and Sudhakaran P.R.

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List of Contributors

- Pp. v-ix (5)

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen and Sudhakaran P.R.

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The Diversity and the Ecological Status of Snakes in Kerala Region-A View to Prioritize Conservation Measures

- Pp. 3-26 (24)

Dileep Kumar R., Anaswara Krishnan S., Laladhas K. P. and Oommen V. Oommen

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Conservation of Medicinal Plant Resources through Community Born Biodiversity Management Committee, Kerala, India

- Pp. 27-39 (13)

Laladhas K. P., Preetha N., Baijulal B. and Oommen V. Oommen

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The State of Frogs in India: A Case for Discontinuation of Use of Frogs in Dissections and Experiments

- Pp. 41-52 (12)

Mohammad A. Akbarsha

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The Role of People’s Participation in the Conservation and Management of Biodiversity and Associated Traditional Knowledge

- Pp. 53-63 (11)

Rajasekharan S.

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Current and Likely Trends in Biodiversity Conservation

- Pp. 65-70 (6)

Rajmohan K.

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Natural Bioresources of North Eastern Region of India - Its Conservation and Proper Utilization

- Pp. 71-88 (18)

Unni B.G., Bharadwaz M., Kalita M., Dey T., Gogoi K., Kalita J., Islam S.J. and Dutta P.

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Sacred Groves of Himachal Pradesh: A Traditional Community Practice of Biodiversity Conservation and Testimony of Religious Beliefs

- Pp. 89-96 (8)

Vandana Thaplyal and Ashok Verma

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Population Density and Conservation Status of Indian Gaur (Bos gaurus gaurus) in Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, Northeast India

- Pp. 97-102 (6)

Mary P.P., Debbarma J., Kumar Awadhesh and Gupta A.K.

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Therapeutic Value of Milk of Vechur Cow, the Indigenous Breed of Kerala Listed as Critical by FAO

- Pp. 103-111 (9)

Mohankumar Chinnamma, Anisha Shashidharan and Salini Bhasker

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An Account on Some Endemic Seeds of Southern Western Ghats

- Pp. 113-119 (7)

Anilkumar C., Chitra C. R., Bindu S., Maya P. V., Prajith T. M. and Joemon J.

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Non Wood Forest Biodiversity for Food Security- Rattans a Case Study

- Pp. 121-126 (6)

Manohara T. N.

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Collective Action on Improving Environmental and Economic Performance of Vegetable Production: Exploring Pesticides Safety in India

- Pp. 127-135 (9)

Sreejith Aravindakshan and Sherief A. K.

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Documentation and Farmer Perception on Biodiversity in Rice Fields of Palakkad District

- Pp. 137-149 (13)

Smitha K.P. and Anilkumar A.

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An Initiative towards Achieving the ‘Access and Benefit Sharing’ Provisions of Biodiversity Act 2002 and Rules 2004, India

- Pp. 151-156 (6)

Sudipta Mukherjee, Soumyendra Nath Ghosh and Debal Ray

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Actionable Innovative Financial and Economic Instruments for Biodiversity Conservation in India

- Pp. 157-174 (18)

Damodaran A.

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Green Economics: It’s Impact on Environment and Biodiversity

- Pp. 175-181 (7)

Jayamani C. V.

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Biodiversity Valuation of Marine Ecosystem of the South-West Coast of India with Special Reference to Kerala Coast

- Pp. 183-193 (11)

Joshi K.K., Narayanakumar R., Ranimary George, Molly Varghese, Jasmine S., Srinath K.R., Saravanan S., Somy Kuriakose, Geetha Antony, Geetha P.M. and Gimy George

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Survey and Assessment of the Status, Issues & Threats to Marine Turtles Along the Kerala Coast

- Pp. 195-202 (8)

Renjan Mathew Varghese

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Synchronous and Rhythmic Light Display by a Panoramic Congregation of Fireflies at Varagaliar, Anamalai Tiger Reserve

- Pp. 203-207 (5)

Mathish Nambiar-Veetil, Selvaraj P., Blessan Santhosh George, Ganesan M., Raghunath T. P. and Krishnakumar N.

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Identification, Purification and Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Two Novel Cyclic Peptides from Clitoria ternatea

- Pp. 209-216 (8)

Sudarslal S., Balaram P. and Laladhas K. P.

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Satellite Based Spectral Signatures of Coastal Wetlands and Mangrove Vegetation of Kasaragod, India

- Pp. 217-220 (4)

Mohammed-Aslam M. A.

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Diversity of Stingless Bee Flora in Kerala

- Pp. 221-227 (7)

Devanesan S., Premila K.S. and Shailaja K.K.

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Seasonal Variations Influencing the Bryophyte Diversity of Monoculture Plantations in the Southern Western Ghats

- Pp. 229-234 (6)

Kariyappa K.C. and Daniels A.E.D.

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Macroinvertebrates Associated with Aquatic Macrophytes Monochoria vaginalis and Eichhornia crassipes in Ponnani Kole

- Pp. 235-240 (6)

Sanila V.K. and Razia Beevi M.

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Micropropagation of an Exquisite Orchid, Acampe rigida (Buch. – Ham. Ex J. E. Sm.) P.F. Hunt., Through Embryo Culture

- Pp. 241-247 (7)

Gangaprasad A., Anjusha S. and Sibin N.P.

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Biodiversity Conservation - Challenges for Future and Way Forward

- Pp. 249-256 (8)

Preetha N., Laladhas K. P. and Oommen V. Oommen

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Author Index

- Pp. 257-258 (2)

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen and Sudhakaran P.R.

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Subject Index

- Pp. 259-267 (9)

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen and Sudhakaran P.R.

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Foreword

It is not often that meetings and conferences discuss and come up with specific ideas to make science inform policy and policy directions suggested, based on sound science. The National Conference on Biodiversity, organized by the Kerala State Biodiversity Board in association with a range of organizations, including the National Biodiversity Authority, Government of India during December 2012 has precisely done this.

The present volume of material provides readers with a rainbow of issues related to knowing and managing India’s biological diversity including the status of these resources while the recommendations indicate the need for appropriate action plans and policy directions for India’s biodiversity management. This compilation comes at a time when the world is watching India, patiently, to come up with its guidance to deal with biodiversity related actions as President of the 194 country strong Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Biodiversity is life! It has been amply demonstrated that natural resources offer the best insurance for local people in dealing with adaptation and livelihood securities. While scientists have continued to publish volumes on knowing the diversity and suggested the ways to manage it, the results of their suggestions have had limited impact on countries like India. One of the reasons for this is the wait and watch policy of Government agencies, while addressing and making use of local opportunities that had taken a back seat. With India’s extensive expertise on various areas of biodiversity, time has come for us to re-think the need to re-connect to local action and ensure that work by academic institutions and non-governmental organizations do influence and impact Government policies. The national biodiversity management options also need a complete over-haul during this decade of biodiversity (2011-2020). It is important for all stakeholders to understand that waiting for Government to act is not the only option. Publications, such as these reports, are timely to provide a beacon of hope for the future of biodiversity in India where the spread and depth of action and options need to be measured and used.

Personally, I feel very encouraged that the Kerala State Biodiversity Board, under the guidance of Honourable Chief Minister of Kerala Shri Oommen Chandy, has taken this initiative of organizing the national meeting on biodiversity. The premise of establishing the State Biodiversity Boards under the Biological Diversity Act in India is to provide the option for decentralized implementation of the Act and the State Boards need to precisely engage in such activities such as this. It is important, however, that this kind of dialogues and meetings as well as compilations find a regular place in the national events calendar. In the absence of this, such outcomes and their relevance will fade away.

It is also heartening to write this Foreword since several of the suggestions made in the recommendations section have been followed up by the National Biodiversity Authority during my tenure. The proposal to establish the National Biodiversity Grid has been approved by the Office of Principal Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of India, announcement to launch the National Innovation Council on Biodiversity was made in January 2014 and a range of actions to raise awareness and capacities on issues of biodiversity implemented.

We will certainly fail in our duties, if we do not recognize the unique and leadership role taken by the Kerala State Biodiversity Board in implementing the Biological Diversity Act and in providing a leadership role in the country on issues of establishing and training the Biodiversity Management Committees, preparing the People’s Biodiversity Registers, empowering communities to manage livelihoods using bioresources and most importantly, helping the State Government in making appropriate public policies on biodiversity.

I hope that the present publication will not only help several of us understand the Current Challenges to deal with biodiversity in India but such a publication should also reach Schools, Universities and research institutions so that we have future corps of followers to move the conservation and development agenda in India that can never be delivered by the Government alone.

Dr. Balakrishna Pisupati
Former Chairman
National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India


Preface

The National Biodiversity Congress held in 2012 inspired the compilation of this book in the present form. The first of its meetings was held in the South Indian city of Thiruvananthapuram jointly by the National Biodiversity Authority, India and Kerala State Biodiversity Board, both organisations involved in the conservation of biodiversity of the country as envisaged in the Biological Diversity Act 2002. The Congress was attended by political managers, academicians, scientists and officials of the various State Biodiversity Boards across the country and views exchanged on different aspects of biodiversity conservation, its challenges and the way forward. During his key note address to the congress, Dr. R Chidambaram, Principal Science Advisor to Government of India, confirmed the establishment of a National Biodiversity Grid to facilitate and support the work in collating, analyzing and synthesizing nation-wide biodiversity data and information for conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity of the country and also to assist appropriate policy making. Financing biodiversity was identified as vital for its conservation and management and mobilizing adequate finance is acknowledged as a huge challenge during the ensuing discussions. Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) was identified as a key emerging internal financial option. Mainstreaming of BD issues-linking to planning process of Local bodies is an important prerequisite in strengthening the institutional capacity for good local governance. Conservation history is being rewritten by cumulative conservation efforts and this book is an effort to compile the main initiatives on biodiversity governance globally as well as a compilation of selected presented in the various scientific sessions during the congress.

Laladhas K.P., Oommen V. Oommen
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
L-14, Jai Nagar
Medical College P.O.
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
India

&

Sudhakaran P.R.
Kerala Biotechnology Commission
Kerala State Council for Science
Technology and Environment
Shastra Bhavan, Pattom
Thiruvananthapuram - 695 004
India

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Laladhas K.P.
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O.
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
India


Oommen V. Oommen
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O.
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
India


Sudhakaran P.R.
Kerala Biotechnology Commission
Kerala State Council for Science
Technology and Environment
Shastra Bhavan, Pattom
Thiruvananthapuram - 695 004
India




Contributor(s):
Anaswara Krishnan S.
Department of Zoology
University of Kerala
Kerala
India


Anilkumar A.
Dept of Agrl.Extension
College of Agriculture
Vellayani
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Anilkumar C.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Anisha Shashidharan
SCMS Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Research and Development
Management House
Kerala
South Kalamassery Cochin
India


Anjusha S.
Plant Tissue Culture and Molecular Biology Lab
Department of Botany
University of Kerala Kariyavattom
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Ashok Verma
WWF-India
Field Office Bishop Cotton School
Shimla
Himachal Pradesh
India


Baijulal B.
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Balaram P.
Molecular Biophysics Unit
Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore
Karnataka
India


Bharadwaz M.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Bindu S.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Blessan Santhosh George
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Forest Campus
R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Chitra C.R.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Damodaran A.
Indian Institute of Management
Bangalore
Karnataka
India


Daniels A. E. D.
Bryology Laboratory, Department of Botany & Research Centre
Scott Christian College
Nagercoil
Tamil Nadu
India


David J. Gower
Department of Zoology
The Natural History Museum
SW7 5BD
London
UK


Debal Ray
West Bengal Biodiversity Board
Poura Bhawan, 4th Floor, FD-415A, Sector – III
Salt Lake City
Kolkata
India


Debbarma J.
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST) (Deemed University)
Arunachal Pradesh
India


Devanesan S.
Honey bees and Pollinators, Vellayani Centre
Department of Agricultural Entomology
College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University
Vellayani
Kerala
India


Dey T.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Dileepkumar R.
Centre for Venom informatics
University of Kerala
Kerala


Dutta P.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Ganesan M.
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Forest Campus
R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Gangaprasad A.
Plant Tissue Culture and Molecular Biology Lab
Department of Botany
University of Kerala Kariyavattom
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Geetha Antony
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Geetha P.M.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Gimy George
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Gogoi K.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Gupta A.K.
Dept. of Environment & Forest, Govt. of Tripura
P. O. Kunjaban
Agartala
Tripura (W)
India


Islam S.J.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Jacob J.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Jasmine S.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Jayamani C.V.
School of Management Studies
CUSAT
Kochi
Kerala
India


Joshi K.K.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Kalita J.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Kalita M.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Kariyappa K. C.
Bryology Laboratory, Department of Botany & Research Centre
Scott Christian College
Nagercoil
Tamil Nadu
India


Krishnakumar N.
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Forest Campus
R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Kumar Awadhesh
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST) (Deemed University)
Arunachal Pradesh
India


Laladhas K.P.
Molecular Biophysics Unit
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Karnataka
India
/
Biomolecular Research Unit, Department of Zoology
St. Stephen’s College
Pathanapuram
Kollam
Kerala
India
/
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O.
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
India


Lekha Divya
Department of Animal Sciences
School of Biological Science, Central University of Kerala
Riverside campus
Padanakadu
Kasaragod
India


Manohara T. N.
Rain Forest Research Institute
Jorhat
Assam
India


Mark Wilkinson
Department of Zoology
The Natural History Museum
London
SW7 5BD
UK


Mary P.P.
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST) (Deemed University)
Arunachal Pradesh
India


Mathish Nambiar-Veetil
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Forest Campus R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Maya P.V.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Mohammad A. Akbarsha
Gandhi-Gruber-Doerenkamp Chair
Mahatma Gandhi-Doerenkamp Center (MGDC) for Use of Animals in Life Science Education, Bharathidasan University
Tiruchirappalli
Tamilnadu
India


Mohammed-Aslam M.A.
Department of Geology
Central University of Karnataka
Gulbarga
Karnataka
India


Mohankumar Chinnamma
SCMS Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Research and Development
Management House
Kerala
South Kalamassery Cochin
India


Molly Varghese
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Narayanakumar R.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Oommen V. Oommen
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O.
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
Kerala
India


Prajith T.M.
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Palode
Thiruvananthapuram
Kerala
India


Preetha N.
Kerala State Biodiversity Board
Medical College P.O.
L-14, Jai Nagar
Thiruvananthapuram-695 011
Kerala
India


Premila K.S.
Honey bees and Pollinators, Vellayani Centre
Department of Agricultural Entomology
College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University
Vellayani
Kerala
India


Raghunath T.P.
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Forest Campus
R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Rajasekharan S.
Division of Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacology
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI), Palode
Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram
India


Rajmohan K.
Kerala Agricultural University
College of Agriculture
Vellayani
Kerala
India


Ramachandran Kotharambath
Department of Zoology
Government College Chittur
Kerala
Palakkad
India


Ranimary George
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Razia Beevi M.
Department of Aquaculture and Fishery Microbiology
M.E.S. Ponnani College, Ponnani
Kerala
Malappuram Dt.
India


Renjan Mathew Varghese
WWF-India, Kerala State Office
Vanchiyoor P.O
Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram
India


Ronald A. Nussbaum
Museum of Zoology and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Michigan
MI 48109-1079
Ann Arbor
USA


Salini Bhasker
SCMS Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology Research and Development
Management House
Kerala
South Kalamassery Cochin
India


Sanil George
Molecular Medicine Laboratory
Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology
Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram
India


Sanila V.K.
Department of Aquaculture and Fishery Microbiology
M.E.S. Ponnani College
Malappuram Dt., Kerala
Ponnani
India


Saravanan S.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Selvaraj P.
Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Forest Campus
R. S. Puram
Coimbatore
India


Shailaja K. K.
Honey bees and Pollinators, Vellayani Centre
Department of Agricultural Entomology
College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University
Vellayani
Kerala
India


Sherief A. K.
Department of Extension
Kerala Agricultural University
India


Sibin N. P.


Smitha K.P.
Community Agrobiodiversity Centre
M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation
Puthurvayal P.O, Kalpetta
Wayanad
Kerala
India


Somy Kuriakose
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Soumyendra Nath Ghosh
West Bengal Biodiversity Board
Poura Bhawan, 4th Floor, FD-415A, Sector – III
Salt Lake City
Kolkata
India


Sreejith Aravindakshan
Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen UR, the Netherlands
SUTROFOR Erasmus Mundus Fellow, LIFE

University of Copenhagen
Denmark (previously)


Srinath K.R.
Marine Biodiversity Division
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Kochi
Kerala
India


Sudarslal S.
Molecular Biophysics Unit
Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore
Karnataka
India
/
Amrita School of Biotechnology
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
Kollam
Kerala
India


Sudipta Mukherjee
West Bengal Biodiversity Board
, 4th Floor, FD-415A, Sector – III
Salt Lake City
Kolkata
India


Unni B.G.
Biotechnology Division
CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology
Jorhat
Assam
India


Vandana Thaplyal
WWF-India
Field Office Bishop Cotton School
Shimla
Himachal Pradesh
India




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