Resonant Scattering by Open Periodic Waveguides
- Pp. 7-49 (43)Stephen P. Shipman
This chapter concerns the interaction between guided electromagnetic or acoustic modes of a penetrable periodic planar waveguide and plane waves originating from sources exterior to the waveguide. The interaction causes resonant enhancement of fields in the waveguide and anomalous transmission of energy across it. A guided mode is an eigenfunction of a member of the family of operators in the Floquet-Bloch decomposition of the periodic differential operator underlying the waveguide structure. The theory of existence or nonexistence of modes in ideal lossless waveguides is founded on variational principles. The mechanism for resonant scattering behavior is the dissolution of an embedded eigenvalue into the continuous spectrum, which corresponds to the destruction of a guided mode of a waveguide, upon perturbation of the wavevector or the material properties or geometry of the structure. Analytic perturbation of functions that unify the guided modes and the extended scattering states gives rise to asymptotic formulas for transmission anomalies.