Integrated Control of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region


Vincenzo Vacante, Uri Gerson

DOI: 10.2174/97816080529431120101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-294-3, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-60805-680-4

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

This book presents a definitive exposition of citrus pests and their integrated, mostly non-chemical , control in the Mediterranean ar...[view complete introduction]
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The History of IPM in the Mediterranean Citriculture

- Pp. 19-27 (9)

Vincenzo Vacante


The origins of biological control, the influence of its early successes, and relevant observations and experiments conducted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the Californian citrus industry are briefly presented. These practices, along with the growing disappointment with chemical control, naturally led to the move from strict biological control to the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The history of IPM in the Mediterranean citriculture throughout that period is presented against this background, and the most important projects of classic and augmentative biological control carried out in the region are discussed. Brief information on the role of international institutions (IOBC, EU, FAO) and the scientific community in the development of IPM is also provided.

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