A Homogeneous Platform to Discover Inhibitors of the GoLoco Motif/G-alpha Interaction
- Pp. 187-218 (32)Adam J. Kimple, Adam Yasgar, Mark Hughes, Ajit Jadhav, Francis S. Willard, Robin E. Muller, Christopher P. Austin, James Inglese, Gordon C. Ibeanu, David P. Siderovski and Anton Simeonov
The GoLoco motif is a short G&#945;-binding polypeptide sequence. It is often found in proteins that regulate cell-surface receptor signaling, such as RGS12, as well as in proteins that regulate mitotic spindle orientation and force generation during cell division, such as GPSM2/LGN. Here, we describe a high-throughput fluorescence polarization (FP) assay using fluorophore-labeled GoLoco motif peptides for identifying inhibitors of the GoLoco motif interaction with the G-protein alpha subunit G&#945;<sub>i1</sub>. The assay exhibits considerable stability over time and is tolerant to DMSO up to 5%. The Z´-factors for robustness of the GPSM2 and RGS12 GoLoco motif assays in a 96-well plate format were determined to be 0.81 and 0.84, respectively; the latter assay was run in a 384-well plate format and produced a Z´-factor of 0.80. To determine the screening factor window (Zfactor) of the RGS12 GoLoco motif screen using a small molecule library, the NCI Diversity Set was screened. The Z-factor was determined to be 0.66, suggesting that this FP assay would perform well when developed for 1,536-well format and scaled up to larger libraries. We then miniaturized to a 4 μL final volume a pair of FP assays utilizing fluorescein- (green) and rhodamine- (red) labeled RGS12 GoLoco motif peptides. In a fully-automated run, the Sigma-Aldrich LOPAC<sup>1280</sup> collection was screened three times with every library compound being tested over a range of concentrations following the quantitative highthroughput screening (qHTS) paradigm; excellent assay performance was noted with average Z-factors of 0.84 and 0.66 for the green- and red-label assays, respectively.