Young Perspectives for Old Diseases

by

Glaucia Noeli Maroso Hajj

DOI: 10.2174/97816080599281150101
eISBN: 978-1-60805-992-8, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-003-1



Indexed in: EBSCO.

In this book, a great team of young neuroscientists describes the current understanding of common and rare neurodegenerative diseases,...[view complete introduction]
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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Role for Non-Neuronal Cells

- Pp. 205-222 (18)

Ana G. Barbeito

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the progressive degeneration of both upper and lower motor neurons leading to paralysis and finally to death. Non-neuronal cells, including glial cells, have been shown to actively participate in the physiopathological process occurring in ALS. Experiments using chimeric mice expressing ALS-linked mutations suggest that neighboring non-neuronal cells modulate disease phenotype. In this review, recent findings involving the role of astrocytes, microglia and of other non-neuronal cells will be discussed. The study of motor neuron microenvironment could lead to a better understanding of the physiopathology of ALS to find new pathways to slow down motor neuron degeneration.

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