Unfolding the Biopolymer Landscape

Book Series: Frontiers in Biomaterials

Volume 2

by

Viness Pillay, Yahya E. Choonara, Pradeep Kumar

DOI: 10.2174/97816810819531160201
eISBN: 978-1-68108-195-3, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-196-0
ISSN: 2468-0168 (Print)
ISSN: 2352-3921 (Online)



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Indexed in: EBSCO.

The need for the development of biomaterials as scaffold for tissue regeneration is driven by the increasing demands for materials tha...[view complete introduction]
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Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i
Dhanjay Jhurry
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Preface

- Pp. ii
Viness Pillay, Yahya E. Choonara and Pradeep Kumar
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List of Contributors

- Pp. iii-v (3)
Viness Pillay, Yahya E. Choonara and Pradeep Kumar
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Cationic Polymers for Biotechnological Applications

- Pp. 3-27 (25)
Roxana V. Alasino, Karina L. Bierbrauer, Dante M. Beltramo, Silvia G. Correa and Ismael D. Bianco
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Collagen Substrates for Soft Tissue Engineering

- Pp. 28-53 (26)
Edward Suesca, Alejandro Sosnik and Marta R. Fontanilla
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Gums and Mucilages Based Mucoadhesive Biopolymers

- Pp. 54-75 (22)
Inderbir Singh and Pradeep Kumar
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Natural Polymers for Ophthalmic Drug Delivery

- Pp. 76-91 (16)
Anjali Hirani, Yong W. Lee, Vijaykumar B. Sutariya and Yashwant Pathak
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Customized Shape-Memory Biopolymers

- Pp. 92-123 (32)
Lisa C. du Toit, Thashree Marimuthu, Pradeep Kumar, Yahya E. Choonara and Viness Pillay
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Biotextiles for Tissue Engineering

- Pp. 124-142 (19)
Navdeep Grover and Lomas K. Tomar
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Hybrid Semi-Synthetic Polyhydroxy Acid Based- Biomaterials

- Pp. 143-179 (37)
Swati Jain, Sruti Chattopadhyay and Harpal Singh
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Microbial Exopolysaccharides for Biomedical Applications

- Pp. 180-238 (59)
Silvia Vasiliu, Stefania Racovita, Maria-Andreea Lungan, Jacques Desbrieres and Marcel Popa
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Bio-Interfacial Properties of Environmentally Responsive Biomaterials

- Pp. 239-265 (27)
Charu Tyagi, Lomas K. Tomar and Divya Bijukumar
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Bio & Polymeric Materials Mimicking the Extra- Cellular Microenvironment

- Pp. 266-325 (60)
Riaz A. Khan
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Biopolymers in Non-Aqueous Emulsions for Food and Pharmaceutical Applications

- Pp. 326-352 (27)
Marcelo R. Ceballos, Dante M. Beltramo and Ismael D. Bianco
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Biopolymers for Neurotherapeutic Interventions

- Pp. 353-380 (28)
Valence M.K. Ndesendo
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Porous and Non-Porous Metallic Biomaterials

- Pp. 381-408 (28)
Oluwatoyin Ayotomilola Adeleke
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Derivatized Polysaccharides: A Potential in Micro/Nanoparticulate Based Drug Delivery

- Pp. 409-451 (43)
Vikas Rana, Sunil Kamboj and Kuldeep Singh
View Abstract Purchase Chapter

Subject Index

- Pp. 452-458 (7)
Viness Pillay, Yahya E. Choonara and Pradeep Kumar
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Foreword

This eBook provides an expert and up-to-date overview of the use of biopolymers in the design of smart therapeutic delivery systems, tissue-engineered scaffolds, implants and devices. It also covers future trends in the design and application of biopolymers and their overall potential benefits. The versatility of biopolymer technology and modification is channelled towards the development of advanced drug delivery systems for the treatment of various diseases as well as the elaboration of nanoscale structures for scaffolding. The various chapters of this eBook with contributions from polymer chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, chemists, biomedical and chemical engineers and other allied disciplines show that multi-disciplinarity is key for spanning the frontiers in biopolymer synthesis, modification and applications. The presentation of state-ofthe- art research in the biopolymer area should be most helpful not only to researchers in the field but also to graduate students. Finally, the consolidation of ideas within this eBook, evident through the sterling credentials of the Editor Prof Viness Pillay, generates a unique viewpoint for the conceptualisation of novel biopolymeric systems in future.

Dhanjay Jhurry
National Research Chair
Centre for Biomedical and Biomaterials Research (CBBR)
MSIRI Building
R茅duit, Mauritius


Preface

The biopolymer landscape is undergoing a revolution and illuminates the propensity of certain multifunctional biomaterials to change the way biopolymers are synthesized and applied for the design of scaffolds in tissue engineering, controlling the spatial and temporal release of bioactives into the human body as well as to modulate the physicochemical and physicomechanical properties of therapeutic systems for enhanced form and function. For example at the Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform (WADDP) (http://www.wits.ac.za/waddp) we focus on specialized biopolymers that allow us to design therapeutic systems that can perform functions outside their range of conventional capability and into the blue skies realm, including 3D printability. The mechanized uniqueness of biopolymers is embodied not only in their macroscopic structural changes, but also in their ability to respond to varying stimuli, reversibly change their shape or even behave as in vivo tissue or organ surrogates. Such biopolymers have been applied in a vast array of biomedical applications that include stimuli-sensitive bioactive delivery systems, intelligent medical and surgical devices, tissue engineering, or implants for minimally invasive surgery. In this eBook, we provide a topographical view of the tortuous biopolymer landscape and elaborate on the fundamental molecular mechanisms and physical dynamics of polymer behavior that bring about their advanced function. Furthermore, we highlight the diverse stimuli that instigate biopolymer function and discuss those that have undergone modification, functionalization and customization for specialized biomedical applications. We would like to thank the experts who have made immense contributions to the various Chapters within this eBook and have emphasized the fact that certainly the biopolymer landscape is far from flat. The future is exciting.

Viness Pillay
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand. Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa

Yahya E. Choonara
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand. Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa
&

Pradeep Kumar
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand. Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Viness Pillay
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Yahya E. Choonara
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Pradeep Kumar
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa




Contributor(s):
Alejandro Sosnik
Group of Pharmaceutical Nanomaterials Science
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Technion-Israel Institute of Technology
Haifa
Israel


Anjali Hirani
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, USF College of Pharmacy
University of South Florida
Tampa, FL 33612

/
School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences
Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University
Blacksburg
VA 24061



Charu Tyagi
University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
7 York Road, Parktown 2193
Johannesburg
South Africa
/
V.S.P.G.(P.G) College
C.C.S University
Meerut
U.P., 250004
India


Dante M. Beltramo
Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos de C贸rdoba (CEPROCOR)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas (CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Qu铆micas
Universidad Cat贸lica de C贸rdoba
Argentina


Divya Bijukumar
University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
7 York Road, Parktown 2193
Johannesburg
South Africa


Edward Suesca
Tissue Engineering Group, Department of Pharmacy
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogot谩
Colombia


Harpal Singh
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT D), Hauz Khas
New Delhi
India


Inderbir Singh
Department of Pharmaceutics, Chitkara College of Pharmacy
Chitkara University, Chandigarh-Patiala Highway
Chandigarh-Patiala Highway, Rajpura-140401
Patiala, Punjab
India


Ismael D. Bianco
Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos de C贸rdoba (CEPROCOR)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas (CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Qu铆micas
Universidad Cat贸lica de C贸rdoba
Argentina


Jacques Desbrieres
Pau and Pays de l鈥橝dour University (UPPA), Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-Chimie pour l鈥橢nvironnement et les Materiaux (IPREM/EPCP)
UMR CNRS 5254, Helioparc Pau Pyrenees, 2, av. President Angot
64053 Pau Cedex 09
France


Karina L. Bierbrauer
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas (CONICET)
Argentina


Kuldeep Singh
Pharmaceutics Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research
Punjabi University
Punjabi University
India-147002


Lisa C. du Toit
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Lomas K. Tomar
University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
Johannesburg, Gauteng
South Africa


Marcel Popa
鈥淕heorghe Asachi鈥 Technical University of Iasi,
Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection Department of Natural and Synthetic Polymers
rof. Dr. Docent Dimitrie Mangeron Street, No. 73, 700050
Iasi
Romania


Marcelo R. Ceballos
Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos de C贸rdoba (CEPROCOR)
Argentina


Maria-Andreea Lungan
鈥淕heorghe Asachi鈥 Technical University of Iasi,
Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection Department of Natural and Synthetic Polymers
rof. Dr. Docent Dimitrie Mangeron Street, No. 73, 700050
Iasi
Romania


Marta R. Fontanilla
Tissue Engineering Group, Department of Pharmacy, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Bogot谩
Colombia


Navdeep Grover
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
University of Colorado Boulder
3415 Colorado Avenue, Boulder
Colorado
USA


Oluwatoyin Ayotomilola Adeleke
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
Meraka Institute, Centre for High Performance Computing
627 Meiring Naud茅 Road
Pretoria 0001
South Africa


Pradeep Kumar
Pradeep Kumar Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand
Johannesburg, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Riaz A. Khan
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Qassim University
Qassim 51452, KSA and Department of Chemistry, MRIU, Aravali Hills
National Capital Region, Faridabad
HR 121001
India


Roxana V. Alasino
Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos de C贸rdoba (CEPROCOR)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas (CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Qu铆micas
Universidad Cat贸lica de C贸rdoba
Argentina


Silvia G. Correa
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas (CONICET) and Facultad de Ciencias Qu铆micas
Universidad Nacional de C贸rdoba
Argentina


Silvia Vasiliu
鈥淧etru Poni鈥 Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry
University of ArakGr. Ghica Voda Alley No. 41A, 700487
Iasi
Romania


Sruti Chattopadhyay
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT D), Hauz Khas
New Delhi
India


Stefania Racovita
鈥淧etru Poni鈥 Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry
University of ArakGr. Ghica Voda Alley No. 41A, 700487
Iasi
Romania


Sunil Kamboj
Pharmaceutics Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research
Punjabi University
Patiala, Punjab
India-147002


Swati Jain
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology
Amity University
Sec. 125, Noida
Uttar Pradesh
India


Thashree Marimuthu
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Valence M.K. Ndesendo
Department of Pharmaceutics & Formulation Sciences, School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences
St. John鈥檚 University of Tanzania
Dodoma
Tanzania


Vijaykumar B. Sutariya
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, USF College of Pharmacy
University of South Florida
Tampa, FL 33612
USA


Vikas Rana
Pharmaceutics Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research
Punjabi University
Patiala, Punjab
India-147002


Viness Pillay
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Yahya E. Choonara
Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
7 York Road, Parktown, 2193
South Africa


Yashwant Pathak
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, USF College of Pharmacy
University of South Florida
Tampa, FL 33612
USA
/
School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences
Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University
Blacksburg, VA 24061
USA




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