Natural Sources, Physicochemical Characterization and Applications

Book Series: Frontiers in Bioactive Compounds

Volume 1

by

Constantin Apetrei

DOI: 10.2174/97816810834141160101
eISBN: 978-1-68108-341-4, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-68108-342-1
ISSN: 2468-6395 (Print)
ISSN: 2468-6409 (Online)



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This volume presents different aspects related to bioactive compounds, starting with their natural state in raw sources, physicochemic...[view complete introduction]

Table of Contents

Foreword

- Pp. i

Eleonora-Mihaela Ungureanu

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Preface

- Pp. ii

Constantin Apetrei

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List of Contributors

- Pp. iv-v (2)

Constantin Apetrei

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Extra Virgin Olive Oils: Bioactive Compounds and Health Benefits

- Pp. 3-31 (29)

Maria Lisa Clodoveo, Tiziana Dipalmo, Pasquale Crupi, Bernardo C. de Gennaro, Carlo Franchini, Filomena Corbo and Constantin Apetrei

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Wine: Biologic Active Compounds and Health Benefits

- Pp. 32-68 (37)

Constantin Apetrei

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Recent Advances in the Analysis of Bioactive Compounds Based on Molecular Recognition

- Pp. 69-126 (58)

Robert Săndulescu, Cecilia Cristea, Ede Bodoki and Radu Oprean

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Electrochemical Sensors for the Detection of Antioxidants

- Pp. 127-146 (20)

María Luz Rodríguez-Méndez, Celia García-Hernández, Cristina Medina- Plaza, Cristina García-Cabezón, David Paniagua-Albillos, Silvia Rodríguez-Sánchez and José Antonio de Saja-Sáez

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Biosensors for Characterisation of Bioactive Compounds from Wines

- Pp. 147-189 (43)

Bogdan Bucur, Ioana Silvia Hosu and Alina Vasilescu

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Electronic Sensory Systems for Characterization of Bioactive Compounds

- Pp. 190-217 (28)

Jesús Lozano, Daniel Matatagui, José Pedro Santos and M. Carmen Horrillo

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Bioactive Biomolecules Interacting with Cellular Membranes: Modelling with Langmuir Monolayers

- Pp. 218-254 (37)

Felippe J. Pavinatto, Thatyane M. Nobre, Luciano Caseli, Osvaldo N. Oliveira and Jr.

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Protection of Bioactive Compounds

- Pp. 255-301 (47)

Stefan Dima and Cristian Dima

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Subject Index

- Pp. 302-311 (10)

Constantin Apetrei

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Foreword

The field of bioactive compounds is very important for both scientific and applicative point of view. This field is interdisciplinary and in this book the authors propose several themes related to chemical composition, sensors, biosensors, electronic sensory systems, interaction modeling and protection methods applied on bioactive compounds. Therefore, the authors propose an integrated approach regarding bioactive compounds including sources, physicochemical detection, interactions with membranes and the protection of bioactive components against environmental factors.

This integrated approach is not common in books but I believe that is very useful for specialists and researchers working in inter-, multi- and trans-disciplinary fields related to bioactive compounds. The book could be of interest for scientists specialized on chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacy as well as for persons working in food industry, biotechnology, nanotechnology etc. This book will be helpful for a wide range of readers - from university students to researchers.

I think that the authors can be confident that there will be many grateful readers who will have gained a broader perspective of the fields of bioactive compounds as a result of their efforts.

Eleonora-Mihaela UNGUREANU
Department of Inorganic Chemistry
Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry
Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science
Polytechnic University of Bucharest
Romania


Preface

This book presents the composition and health benefices of bioactive compounds from natural products, and the principal methods used for separation, detection, quantification and protection of bioactive compounds. A special attention is devoted to membrane model interactions as well as to sensors and biosensors development.

The book is organized in the following way:

Chapter 1 deals with the description of chemical composition of olive oil, highlighting the chemical structure and health benefices of biologic active compounds present in this food.

Chapter 2 describes the composition, chemical structures and benefices of bioactive compounds from red wine. A special attention is devoted to polyphenolic compounds, especially to resveratrol, a compound with multiple benefices and without toxic effects.

Chapter 3 presents the recent advances in the analysis of bioactive compounds based on molecular recognition. Separation techniques (solid phase extraction, chromatography, electrophoresis), and sensing (electrochemical, optical, etc.) are revised.

Chapter 4 describes the electrochemical sensors, especially voltammetric sensors, dedicated to the analysis of antioxidants. The principal methods used to improve voltammetric sensors selectivity and sensitivity by modifying the surface using chemical or biological materials are described, also.

Chapter 5 presents the most representative and novel biosensors for the detection of polyphenols, biogenic amines, mycotoxins and allergens in wine, emphasizing the wealth of biosensing strategies and the particularities of wine as a complex analytical matrix.

Chapter 6 provides a review of the most recent works in the field of electronic sensory system for characterization of bioactive compounds, from electronic noses to sensors and biosensors.

Chapter 7 describes the use of Langmuir monolayers as cell membrane models made to interact with bioactive compounds. Trends in the field are discussed as motivation for innovative research to bridge the gap between biology (and medicine) and the physicochemical framework used in cell membrane modeling.

The book closes with Chapter 8 presenting the newest information about the bioactive compounds encapsulation, which ensures the stability of the volatile compounds during thermal processing, the protection of bioactive components against environmental factors, the increase of the solubility of bioactive compounds, and the controlled release of bioactive components.

I appreciatively acknowledge the distinguished specialists who contributed in this book. I consider myself privileged to have had the occasion to work together with colleagues of universities from Spain, Italy, Brazil and Romania. Finally, I want to thank Bentham Science Publishers for the opportunity to edit this book.

Constantin APETREI
Department of Chemistry, Physics and Environment
Faculty of Sciences and Environment
“Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati
47 Domneasca Street
800008 Galati, Romania
Phone: +40-0236460328
Fax: +40-0236461353
E-mail: apetreic@ugal.ro

List of Contributors

Editor(s):
Constantin Apetrei
Department of Chemistry, Physics and Environment
Faculty of Sciences and Environment
“Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati
Romania




Contributor(s):
Maria Lisa Clodoveo
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e Territoriali
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Tiziana Dipalmo
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e Territoriali
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Pasquale Crupi
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e Territoriali
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Bernardo C. de Gennaro
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e Territoriali
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Carlo Franchini
Dipartimento di Farmacia - Scienze del Farmaco
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Filomena Corbo
Dipartimento di Farmacia - Scienze del Farmaco
Università di Bari
via Orabona 4
Bari
70126
Italy


Constantin Apetrei
Department of Chemistry, Physics, and Environment, “Dunarea de Jos”
University of Galati
47 Domneasca Street
Galati
800008
Romania


Robert Săndulescu
Analytical Chemistry Department, “Iuliu Hațieganu”
University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Cluj-Napoca
Romania


Cecilia Cristea
Analytical Chemistry Department, “Iuliu Hațieganu”
University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Cluj-Napoca
Romania


Ede Bodoki
Analytical Chemistry Department, “Iuliu Hațieganu”
University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Cluj-Napoca
Romania


Radu Oprean
Analytical Chemistry Department, “Iuliu Hațieganu”
University of Medicine and Pharmacy
Cluj-Napoca
Romania


María Luz Rodríguez-Méndez
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


Celia García-Hernández
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


Cristina Medina-Plaza
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


Cristina García-Cabezón
Department of Materials Science, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


David Paniagua-Albillos
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


Silvia Rodríguez-Sánchez
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Engineers School
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


José Antonio de Saja-Sáez
Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Sciences
Universidad de Valladolid
Valladolid
47011
Spain


Bogdan Bucur
Centre of Bioanalysis, National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Sciences, 296
Splaiul Independentei
Bucharest
060031
Romania


Ioana Silvia Hosu
National Institute for R&D in Chemistry and Petrochemistry
Splaiul. Independentei 202
Bucharest
060021
Romania
/
Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN), UMR-CNRS 8520
Université Lille 1, Avenue Poincaré—BP 60069
Villeneuve d'Ascq
59655
France


Alina Vasilescu
International Centre of Biodynamics, 1B Intrarea Portocalelor, sector 6, 060101
Bucharest
Romania


Jesús Lozano
Escuela de Ingenierías Industriales
Universidad de Extremadura
Badajoz
Spain


Daniel Matatagui
Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico - UNAM
México D.F


José Pedro Santos
GRIDSEN, Instituto de Tecnologías Físicas y de la Información (ITEFI-CSIC)
Madrid
Spain


Ma Carmen Horrillo
GRIDSEN, Instituto de Tecnologías Físicas y de la Información (ITEFI-CSIC)
Madrid
Spain


Felippe J. Pavinatto
São Carlos Institute of Physics
University of São Paulo
São Carlos, São Paulo
Brasil


Thatyane M. Nobre
São Carlos Institute of Physics
University of São Paulo
São Carlos, São Paulo
Brasil


Luciano Caseli
Institute of Environmental, Chemical, and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Federal University of São Paulo
Diadema, São Paulo
Brasil


Osvaldo N. Oliveira Jr
São Carlos Institute of Physics
University of São Paulo
São Carlos, São Paulo
Brasil


Stefan Dima
Department of Chemistry, Physics and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Environment, “Dunarea de Jos”
University of Galati
Romania


Cristian Dima
Faculty of Food Science and Engineering, “Dunarea de Jos”
University of Galati
Romania




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